Serfs in the Middle Ages. Serfs in the middle ages were generally peasant farmers who provided manual labor in their master's land. The peasants would pay the lord some dues (in the form of labor) in exchange for using part of the lord's land to generate their own food.
Then, what do serfs do?
Peasants, Serfs and Farmers. Lords owned the serfs who lived on their lands. In exchange for a place to live, serfs worked the land to grow crops for themselves and their lord. In addition, serfs were expected to work the farms for the lord and pay rent.
How did a serf become a free person?
Neither could the serf marry, change his occupation, or dispose of his property without his lord's permission. He was bound to his designated plot of land and could be transferred along with that land to a new lord. A serf could become a freedman only through manumission, enfranchisement, or escape.
How were the lives of the peasants and serfs different?
The common people were divided into peasants and serfs. There was a huge difference between being a peasant and being a a serf. Serfs were bound to the land. They were almost like slaves.