Land-Grant College Act of 1862, or Morrill Act, Act of the U.S. Congress (1862) that provided grants of land to states to finance the establishment of colleges specializing in “agriculture and the mechanic arts.”
Then, what was the purpose of the Morrill Act of 1862?
An Act donating Public Lands to the several States and Territories which may provide Colleges for the Benefit of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts. The Morrill Land-Grant Acts are United States statutes that allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges in U.S. states using the proceeds of federal land sales.
Why is the Morrill Land Grant Act significance?
The Morrill Act of 1862 gave each state a large plot of land to establish a public college to provide degrees in the study of agriculture, engineering, and military tactics. When the Morrill Act was passed in 1862, the Civil War was raging.
What is the Second Morrill Act of 1890?
A second Morrill Act in 1890 was also aimed at the former Confederate states. This act required each state to show that race was not an admissions criterion, or else to designate a separate land-grant institution for persons of color.