What is the health locus of control?
Health locus of control (HLOC) refers to LOC specifically related to health behaviors (Wallston & Wallston, 1982). That is, HLOC describes the belief that one's health is dependent upon internal versus external factors.
The Locus of Control is a 13 item questionnaire developed by Rotter (1966). It measures generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement.
- The first comprehensive theory of personality was developed by Sigmund Freud about 100 years ago. After working with hypnosis to help patients suffering from hysteria, Freud came to understand the power of unconscious influences on behavior.
- The school of behaviorism emerged in the 1910s, led by John B. Watson. Unlike psychodynamic theorists, behaviorists study only observable behavior. Their explanations of personality focus on learning. Skinner, Bandura, and Walter Mischel all proposed important behaviorist theories.
- Social Learning Theory (Bandura) Bandura's Social Learning Theory posits that people learn from one another, via observation, imitation, and modeling. The theory has often been called a bridge between behaviorist and cognitive learning theories because it encompasses attention, memory, and motivation.
- Psychologist Suzanne Kabasa identified personality- Hardy personality (Type H). Type H people differ from type A people and others who suffer more ill effects due to stress in three ways- Type H people have a deep sense of commitement to their values, beliefs, sense of identity, work, and family life.
- 16 Personality Types
- The Inspector – ISTJ Personality.
- The Counselor – INFJ Personality.
- The Mastermind – INTJ Personality.
- The Giver – ENFJ Personality.
- The Provider – ESFJ Personality.
- The Idealist – INFP Personality.
- The Supervisor – ESTJ Personality.
- The Visionary – ENTP Personality.
- They are introversion/extroversion, openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism. What makes someone who they are? Each person has an idea of their own personality type — if they are bubbly or reserved, sensitive or thick-skinned.
Internal vs. External Locus of Control. People who base their success on their own work and believe they control their life have an internal locus of control. In contrast, people who attribute their success or failure to outside influences have an external locus of control.
- Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a description of the needs that motivate human behavior. In 1943, Abraham Maslow proposed five different kinds of human needs, beginning with the most basic: survival. Physiological needs, such as food and shelter, are followed by needs related to safety.
- A traditional list of immediate "basic needs" is food (including water), shelter and clothing. Many modern lists emphasize the minimum level of consumption of 'basic needs' of not just food, water, clothing and shelter, but also sanitation, education, and healthcare. Different agencies use different lists.
- Physiological needs include air, water, food, shelter, sanitation, touch, sleep, and personal space. As humans have evolved to interact in community settings, both hunting and gathering in groups, touch—as in a caring caress—is often considered a basic human survival need.
Updated: 2nd October 2019