What is the function of a cell membrane in a plant cell?
Fortunately, each of these cells - be they plant, animal, fungus, or bacteria - contain a cell membrane. The cell membrane is the semi-permeable covering that surrounds all cells. To say something is semi-permeable means that it allows certain substances to pass through them, while prohibiting the passage of others.
It consists of a lipid bilayer with embedded proteins. The basic function of the cell membrane is to protect the cell from its surroundings. The cell membrane controls the movement of substances in and out of cells and organelles. In this way, it is selectively permeable to ions and organic molecules.
- The plasma membrane is a fluid mosaic. This means that it is flexible and made up of many different types of molecules. Phospholipids form the basic structure of a cell membrane, called the lipid bilayer. Scattered in the lipid bilayer are cholesterol molecules, which help to keep the membrane fluid consistent.
- The Cell Membrane. All living cells and many of the tiny organelles internal to cells are bounded by thin membranes. These membranes are composed primarily of phospholipids and proteins and are typically described as phospholipid bi-layers.
- The jelly-like fluid that fills a cell is called cytoplasm. It is made up of mostly water and salt. Cytoplasm is present within the cell membrane of all cell types and contains all organelles and cell parts. Cytoplasm has various functions in the cell.
Updated: 2nd October 2019