The first moment of area, sometimes misnamed as the first moment of inertia, is based in the mathematical construct moments in metric spaces, stating that the moment of area equals the summation of area times distance to an axis [Σ(a × d)]. First moment of area is commonly used to determine the centroid of an area.
Accordingly, what is the second moment?
The 2nd moment of area, also known as moment of inertia of plane area, area moment of inertia, or second area moment, is a geometrical property of an area which reflects how its points are distributed with regard to an arbitrary axis.
What is central moment in statistics?
In probability theory and statistics, a central moment is a moment of a probability distribution of a random variable about the random variable's mean; that is, it is the expected value of a specified integer power of the deviation of the random variable from the mean.
What is the moment of a random variable?
The “moments” of a random variable (or of its distribution) are expected values of powers or related functions of the random variable. The rth moment of X is E(Xr). In particular, the first moment is the mean, µX = E(X). The mean is a measure of the “center” or “location” of a distribution.