An ecological approach focuses on both population-level and individual-level determinants of health and interventions. Health is determined by influences at multiple levels (e.g., public policy, community, institutional, interpersonal, and intrapersonal factors) (McLeroy, Bibeau, Steckler & Glanz, 1988, p. 355).
Similarly one may ask, what is the social ecological framework?
The Social Ecological Model (SEM) is a theory-based framework for understanding the multifaceted and interactive effects of personal and environmental factors that determine behaviors, and for identifying behavioral and organizational leverage points and intermediaries for health promotion within organizations.
What is the ecological theory?
Ecological systems theory was developed by Urie Bronfenbrenner. He divided the environment into five different levels. The microsystem is the most influential, has the closest relationship to the person, and is the one where direct contact occurs. The mesosystem consists of interactions between a person's microsystems.
What is meant by an ecological approach?
From the ecological point of view, the environment is a collection of natural factors (physical, chemical, and biological) capable of affecting living organisms. Therefore, any factor that can be consumed or used by an organism is defined as a natural resource (Begon et al, 1990).