Early childhood is a stage in human development. It generally includes toddlerhood and some time afterwards. Play age is an unspecific designation approximately within the scope of early childhood.
What is late childhood period?
2. It is the time period from the age of 6 until the age of 12 years. It is in late childhood that the first signs of puberty usually begin to appear. A lot of growth is experienced by both boys and girls during late childhood.
What is the middle childhood stage?
Middle childhood (usually defined as ages 6 to 12) is a time when children develop foundational skills for building healthy social relationships and learn roles that will prepare them for adolescence and adulthood.
Here are the four cognitive stages of childhood development as identified by Jean Piaget:
- Sensorimotor Stage: Birth through about 2 years.
- Preoperational Stage: Ages 2 through 7.
- Concrete Operational Stage: Ages 7 through 11.
- Formal Operational Stage: Ages 11 and older.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child defines child as "a human being below the age of 18 years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier". This is ratified by 192 of 194 member countries.
Childhood ends at the tender age of 12. This is the shocking finding of a Netmums survey which reveals that modern life is snatching away precious years of childhood. Whereas we used to think and feel that childhood ended at age 16, over 70% of parents polled said their child was no longer childlike by the age of 12.
What Careers Can I have with an Early Childhood Education Degree?
- Preschool Teacher. Early childhood brings on several major developmental changes in children.
- Childcare Center Director.
- Home-Based Service Provider.
- Family Support Specialist.
- Sales Representative.
- Elementary School Teacher.
Importance of early childhood development. The emotional, social and physical development of young children has a direct effect on their overall development and on the adult they will become. That is why understanding the need to invest in very young children is so important, so as to maximize their future well-being.
In these lessons, students become familiar with the four key periods of growth and human development: infancy (birth to 2 years old), early childhood (3 to 8 years old), middle childhood (9 to 11 years old), and adolescence (12 to 18 years old).
Psychosocial Stages Summary
- Trust vs. Mistrust. This stage begins at birth and lasts through one year of age.
- Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt.
- Initiative vs. Guilt.
- Industry vs. Inferiority.
- Identity vs. Role Confusion.
- Intimacy vs. Isolation.
- Generativity vs. Stagnation.
- Ego Integrity vs. Despair.
Children develop skills in five main areas of development:
- Cognitive Development. This is the child's ability to learn and solve problems.
- Social and Emotional Development.
- Speech and Language Development.
- Fine Motor Skill Development.
- Gross Motor Skill Development.
Children enter kindergarten during ages five to six, and many states do not begin mandating education until age seven. However, whether it is mandatory or not, it is still highly encouraged. Though kindergarten is more formal, it still qualifies as early childhood education because students are under eight years old.
The modern notion of childhood with its own autonomy and goals began to emerge during the 18th century Enlightenment and the Romantic period that followed it. Jean Jacques Rousseau formulated the romantic attitude towards children in his famous 1762 novel Emile: or, On Education.
Bachelor's degree programs in early childhood development prepare students for careers working with young children and families in roles such as preschool teacher, parent educator or childcare provider. Program specializations include child development, pre-physical therapy, pre-occupational therapy, and child life.
Healthy early child development (ECD)—which includes the physical, social/emotional, and language/cognitive domains of development, each equally important—strongly influences well-being, obesity/stunting, mental health, heart disease, competence in literacy and numeracy, criminality, and economic participation
This period is generally divided into three stages: the germinal stage, the embryonic stage, and the fetal stage. The two-week period after conception is called the germinal stage. Conception occurs when a sperm cell combines with an egg cell to form a zygote.
Late childhood is generally defined as ages 9 through 12. Up until this point, most children have been growing at fairly predictable rates. Now, all bets are off due the often wild fluctuations in physical development.
Early Childhood Development (ECD) refers to the physical, cognitive, linguistic, and socio-emotional development of a child from the prenatal stage up to age eight.
All About Adolescence. Adolescence typically describes the years between ages 13 and 19 and can be considered the transitional stage from childhood to adulthood. However, the physical and psychological changes that occur in adolescence can start earlier, during the preteen or "tween" years (ages 9 through 12).
For activities at international or at regional level, such as the African Youth Forum, UNESCO uses the United Nations' universal definition. The UN, for statistical consistency across regions, defines 'youth', as those persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years, without prejudice to other definitions by Member States.
Curriculum is all the learning that students do. In early childhood, play is the most important part of the curriculum. Curriculum for young children is physical and relational, and it happens in strong communication with families.
Early childhood education (ECE; also nursery education) is a branch of education theory which relates to the teaching of young children (formally and informally) up until the age of about eight (birth to Grade 2). It is described as an important period in a child's development.
Infants are babies from two months to one year old. Toddlers are babies from one year to four years of age. Others may have different definitions of these terms. For example, some people may consider toddlers to be 18 months old to 3 years old, and a 4-year-old might be considered a preschooler.