Unlike the plum pudding model, where those atoms simply floated in "soup," Rutherford believed they orbited the central nucleus just as planets orbit the sun. He proposed that this happened because the central nucleus contained positively charged protons that forced the negatively charged electrons to orbit around it.
Considering this, what is Rutherford's model of the atom?
Rutherford's model shows that an atom is mostly empty space, with electrons orbiting a fixed, positively charged nucleus in set, predictable paths. This model of an atom was developed by Ernest Rutherford, a New Zealand native working at the University of Manchester in England in the early 1900s.
How was the nuclear model of the atom established?
Rutherford overturned Thomson's model in 1911 with his well-known gold foil experiment in which he demonstrated that the atom has a tiny and heavy nucleus. Rutherford designed an experiment to use the alpha particles emitted by a radioactive element as probes to the unseen world of atomic structure.
Why was the nuclear model accepted?
The scientists realised that the positively charged alpha particles were being repelled and deflected by a tiny concentration of positive charge in the atom. As a result of this experiment, the plum pudding model was replaced by the nuclear model of the atom.