Decontamination. Decontamination is the process of decreasing antimicrobial presence in an area or on a surface. Sterilization is actually a type of decontamination along with disinfection and antisepsis. Disinfection is not done to remove all contaminants, but instead reduces the amount of contamination.
Accordingly, what is disinfection and sterilization?
Sterilization describes a process that destroys or eliminates all forms of microbial life and is carried out in health-care facilities by physical or chemical methods. Disinfection describes a process that eliminates many or all pathogenic microorganisms, except bacterial spores, on inanimate objects (Tables 1 and 2).
Is there a difference between sanitizing and disinfecting?
Sanitizing is meant to reduce, not kill, the occurrence and growth of bacteria, viruses and fungi. Disinfecting a surface will “kill” the microscopic organisms as claimed on the label of a particular product. The minimum level of effectiveness in a modern-day disinfectant is 100 percent kill of 6 log10 of an organism.
What is the difference between disinfection and antisepsis?
Sterilization is the destruction of all microorganisms on an inanimate surface or object. Note that like disinfection, most, but not all microorganisms are killed, and unlike both sterilization and disinfection, antisepsis refers to living tissue. A substance that is used for antisepsis is known as an antiseptic.