What is the difference between antiseptic disinfectant and sterilization?
Sterilization is the destruction of all microorganisms on an inanimate surface or object. Note that like disinfection, most, but not all microorganisms are killed, and unlike both sterilization and disinfection, antisepsis refers to living tissue. A substance that is used for antisepsis is known as an antiseptic.
An antiseptic is used on living tissues and cells to destroy any types of infections which may be living on the tissue. Disinfectants are meant to destroy microorganisms which can infect nonliving objects. Common antiseptics include mouthwash, and yeast infection treatment creams.
- Disinfectants such as alcohol kill pathogenic (disease causing) microorganisms including bacteria. However, there are bacteria that are resistant to disinfectants such as spores. Alcohol, as any disinfectant, reduces the number of organisms. Disinfectants are applied only on inanimate objects.
- Rubbing alcohol refers to either isopropyl alcohol (propan-2-ol) or ethanol based liquids, or the comparable British Pharmacopoeia defined surgical spirit, with isopropyl alcohol products being the most widely available. They are liquids used primarily as a topical antiseptic.
- Antiseptics are used on living tissues and cells to destroy any types of infections or sepsis which may be living on the tissue. Disinfectants are meant to destroy microorganisms which can infect nonliving objects.
Antiseptics are used on living things. Common disinfectants include alcohols, quarternary ammonium salts, formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde, bleach, chloramine, chlorine dioxide, ozone, silver dihydrogen citrate, and thymol. One non-chemical disinfectant is UV light.
- Some disinfectants have the capability to kill a wide range of microorganisms whereas others can only kill a certain type of bacteria. Alcohols can sometimes be used as a disinfectant although it is mostly used as an antiseptic that can be applied over human tissue to clean wounds before treatment.
- Sterilants and high-level disinfectants
- 1 Formaldehyde.
- 2 Glutaraldehyde.
- 3 Ortho-phthalaldehyde.
- 4 Hydrogen peroxide.
- 5 Peracetic acid.
- 6 Hydrogen peroxide/peracetic acid combination.
- Chemicals used as sterilizing agents are called chemisterilants. Disinfection is the process of elimination of most pathogenic microorganisms (excluding bacterial spores) on inanimate objects. Disinfection can be achieved by physical or chemical methods. Chemicals used in disinfection are called disinfectants.
Hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol or contains a "persistent antiseptic" should be used. Alcohol rubs kill many different kinds of bacteria, including antibiotic resistant bacteria and TB bacteria. 90% alcohol rubs are more effective against viruses than most other form of hand washing.
- What is the significant difference between a product that is antiseptic and one that is antibacterial? Antibacterial products kill bacteria, or hinder their reproduction. Antiseptic substances inhibit the growth and reproduction of many microorganisms, including bacteria, as well as fungi, protozoa, and viruses.
- Washing hands with soap and water is the best way to reduce the number of microbes on them in most situations. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Yes it is. Hand sanitizer will kill off the cells that help your wound to heal, thus delaying healing & may even set up an exaggerated inflammatory response, leading to more scarring & healing time. Soap and running water are the BEST wound cleaners per the American College of ER docs and the Surgical academy.
Updated: 4th December 2019