7th December 2019

chegg
15

What is the definition of thermal energy in science?

Thermal energy is the internal energy of an object due to the kinetic energy of its atoms and/or molecules. The atoms and/or molecules of a hotter object have greater kinetic energy than those of a colder one, in the form of vibrational, rotational, or, in the case of a gas, translational motion.

Regarding this, is thermal energy potential or kinetic energy?

Heat energy is actually made up partly of kinetic energy and partly of potential energy. In a solid, for example, it's the kinetic energy and potential energies of the atoms as they wiggle around.
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