There is no antidote for ammonia poisoning. Treatment consists of supportive measures. These include administration of humidified oxygen and bronchodilators and airway management; treatment of skin and eyes with copious irrigation; and dilution of ingested ammonia with milk or water.
Amino acids and ammonia come from protein in the diet. Some evidence shows that patients with cirrhosis do better when they get their protein from vegetables (such as beans, lentils, and tofu) and from dairy products (eggs, milk, yogurt) instead of from meats.
Household ammonia is a solution of NH3 in water (i.e., ammonium hydroxide) used as a general purpose cleaner for many surfaces. Because ammonia results in a relatively streak-free shine, one of its most common uses is to clean glass, porcelain and stainless steel.
Here is a list of ammonia-based cleaners that might be lurking in your cabinets right now.
- Glass and Window Cleaners. Ammonia is an excellent glass cleaner, so it's one of the top ingredients in commercial glass cleaning products.
- Multipurpose Cleaners.
- Toilet Bowl Cleaners.
- Shining Waxes.
- Oven and Drain Cleaners.
Ammonia also is effective at breaking down household grime or stains from animal fats or vegetable oils, such as cooking grease and wine stains. Because ammonia evaporates quickly, it is commonly used in glass cleaning solutions to help avoid streaking.
Symptoms include burning of the eyes, nose, and throat after breathing even small amounts. With higher doses, coughing or choking may occur. Exposure to high levels of anhydrous ammonia can cause death from a swollen throat or from chemical burns to the lungs.
: a heavy liquid that has a high vapor pressure at ordinary temperatures, that causes freezing when brought into contact with the skin, that is obtained by compressing anhydrous gaseous ammonia, and that is used in refrigeration and as a solvent (as in the study of ammono compounds) and as a source of gaseous ammonia.
Ammonia (basic) reacts with water (the acid). The conjugate acid is ammonium and the conjugate base is hydroxide. Again, acids are written in red, and the bases are written in blue.
Ammonia is a typical weak base. Ammonia itself obviously doesn't contain hydroxide ions, but it reacts with water to produce ammonium ions and hydroxide ions. However, the reaction is reversible, and at any one time about 99% of the ammonia is still present as ammonia molecules.
It exists in two forms in the aquarium and the first step is to understand the difference between ammonium NH4 and free ammonia NH3. NH3 (ammonia) is a gas and sometimes called toxic or free ammonia. NH4 (ammonium) is a nontoxic salt. It is the ionised form of ammonia.
"Ammonia is moderately basic, a 1.0 M aqueous solution has a pH of 11.6 and if a strong acid is added to such a solution until the solution is neutral (pH = 7), 99.4% of the ammonia molecules are protonated." "Ammonia is considered to be a weak base."
Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the eyes, nose, throat and respiratory tract and can result in blindness, lung damage or death. Inhalation of lower concentrations can cause coughing, and nose and throat irritation.
How likely is someone to die from ammonia? It is unlikely that someone would die from contact with ammonia unless exposed to a very high concentration of the chemical. The effects of ammonia will depend on the concentration of exposure, length of time and way the person is exposed.
Inhalation injury. Symptoms of inhalational ammonia toxicity include rhinorrhea, scratchy throat, chest tightness, cough, and dyspnea; eye irritation from the ammonia gas may also be present. Symptoms usually subside within 24-48 hours.
These burns might be serious enough to cause permanent blindness, lung disease, or death. Likewise, if you accidentally ate or drank concentrated ammonia, you might experience burns in your mouth, throat, and stomach. There is no evidence that ammonia causes cancer.
Poisoning may occur if you breathe in ammonia. Poisoning may also occur if you swallow or touch products that contain very large amounts of ammonia. WARNING: Never mix ammonia with bleach. This causes the release of toxic chlorine gas, which can be deadly.
This test checks the level of ammonia in your blood. The test helps find out why you may have changes in consciousness and also helps diagnose a liver disease called hepatic encephalopathy. Ammonia is a chemical made by bacteria in your intestines and your body's cells while you process protein.
Ammonia (NH3) is a gaseous compound with a distinctive, sharp and pungent odor. Aromatic ammonia spirit is used in medicine to prevent or treat fainting when this pungent smell is passed quickly under the nose.
Breathing high concentrations of ammonia can cause fluid in the lungs to build up and possible lung damage. Exposure to high levels of ammonia can burn the eyes, skin, throat, and lungs. If you think your health has been affected by exposure to ammonia, contact your health care professional.
Ammonia is a regular metabolite in the central nervous system (CNS). However, when it enters the brain from blood in excessive quantities it becomes toxic to CNS cells. Acute hyperammonemia is often associated with increased cerebral blood flow that by a complex mechanism contributes to hyperammonemic brain edema.