What is the antidote for magnesium sulfate toxicity?
Magnesium sulfate, commonly known as Epsom salt, is a mineral. It works by replacing magnesium in the body and increasing water in the intestines. Magnesium sulfate can be used orally as a laxative to relieve occasional constipation, and to treat low levels of magnesium.
- What is magnesium sulfate (Epsom Salt)? Magnesium is a naturally occurring mineral that is important for many systems in the body especially the muscles and nerves. Magnesium sulfate also increases water in the intestines. Magnesium sulfate is used as a laxative to relieve occasional constipation.
- Anticonvulsant action: Magnesium sulfate has CNS and respiratory depressant effects. It acts peripherally, causing vasodilation; moderate doses cause flushing and sweating, whereas high doses cause hypotension. It prevents or controls seizures by blocking neuromuscular transmission.
- Epsom salts contains the active compound magnesium sulfate and is used most commonly as a laxative. There are potential serious toxic effects, including cardiac arrest, when the serum concentration rises above therapeutic values. Initial treatment is supportive.
Magnesium oxide (MgO), or magnesia, is a white hygroscopic solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase and is a source of magnesium (see also oxide).
- The most absorbable forms are magnesium citrate, glycinate taurate, or aspartate, although magnesium bound to Kreb cycle chelates (malate, succinate, fumarate) are also good. Avoid magnesium carbonate, sulfate, gluconate, and oxide. They are poorly absorbed (and the cheapest and most common forms found in supplements).
- Each magnesium atom gives two electrons to an oxygen atom, so magnesium oxide is made of magnesium ions, Mg2+, and oxide, O2– ions. To make pure MgO, one way is to burn magnesium ribbon in pure oxygen, but metallic magnesium is quite expensive.
- Magnesium Oxide isn't a salt. The last time I checked a salt is the result of an any acid base reaction i.e. Also, Mg[OH]2 + H2SO4 = MgSO3 + H2O or ( epsom salt and water). Magnesium oxide is a metal oxide not a salt.
Magnesium sulphate is commonly found in the oceans (10% of seawater salts). It is also found on land as the mineral epsomite (MgSO4.7H2O) in evaporitic salt deposits.
- Magnesium sulphate is commonly found in the oceans (10% of seawater salts). It is also found on land as the mineral epsomite (MgSO4.7H2O) in evaporitic salt deposits.
- In water, it breaks down into magnesium and sulfate. The theory is that when you soak in an Epsom salt bath, these get into your body through your skin. That hasn't been proven, but just soaking in warm water can help relax muscles and loosen stiff joints. Sore muscles after working out.
- Magnesium sulfate is often quite effective in slowing contractions, although this effect and how long it lasts varies from woman to woman. Like all tocolytic medications, however, magnesium sulfate does not consistently prevent or delay preterm delivery for a significant period of time.
Updated: 3rd October 2019