What is tensile testing?
A tensile test, also known as tension test, is probably the most fundamental type of mechanical test you can perform on material. Tensile tests are simple, relatively inexpensive, and fully standardized. As the material is being pulled, you will find its strength along with how much it will elongate.
Tensile testing, also known as tension testing, is a fundamental materials science and engineering test in which a sample is subjected to a controlled tension until failure.
- The tensile strength of a metal is essentially its ability to withstand tensile loads without failure. Ductility, on the other hand, measures a material's ability to deform under tensile stresses. This is an important factor in metal forming processes since brittle metals are more likely to rupture.
- Elongation Testing. The increase in a sample's gauge length measured after a rupture or break divided by the sample's original gauge length is referred to as elongation. The greater the elongation, the higher the ductility or elasticity of the material.
- Tensile Testing. A simple tensile test, or tension test, is done by pulling on something to determine how the material reacts to forces being applied in tension. As the material is pulled, you determine the material's tensile strength and how much it will elongate.
Tensile testing is one of the simplest and most widely used mechanical tests. By measuring the force required to elongate a specimen to breaking point, material properties can be determined that will allow designers and quality managers to predict how materials and products will behave in their intended applications.
- The tensile machine applies stretching stress by gradually separating the jaws. The amount of stretching needed to break the test piece is then measured and recorded. The yield strength of metals may also be measured. Yield strength refers to the amount of stress a material can withstand without permanent deformation.
- properties of paper. …inherent paper strength is the breaking length—that is, the length of a paper strip in metres that would be just self-supporting. This value varies from about 500 metres for extremely soft, weak tissue to about 8,000 metres for strong kraft bag paper, and to about 14,000 metres for sheets of…
- These types of tests may be performed under ambient or controlled (heating or cooling) conditions to determine the tensile properties of a material. Tensile testing is commonly used to determine the maximum load (tensile strength) that a material or a product can withstand.
These types of tests may be performed under ambient or controlled (heating or cooling) conditions to determine the tensile properties of a material. Tensile testing is commonly used to determine the maximum load (tensile strength) that a material or a product can withstand.
- Mohs Hardness Test. As common sense dictates, Mohs Scale is based on the fact that a harder material will scratch a softer one. By using a simple scratch test, you can determine the relative hardness of an unknown mineral. Select a fresh, clean surface on the specimen to be tested.
- The bend test is a simple and inexpensive qualitative test that can be used to evaluate both the ductility and soundness of a material. It is often used as a quality control test for butt-welded joints, having the advantage of simplicity of both test piece and equipment.
- E is the (tensile) elastic modulus (or Young's modulus), L is the length of the element. Note that in SI, these units yield . For the special case of unconstrained uniaxial tension or compression, Young's modulus can be thought of as a measure of the stiffness of a structure.
Updated: 2nd October 2019