What is spatial analysis in human geography?
Spatial analysis is a type of geographical analysis which seeks to explain patterns of human behavior and its spatial expression in terms of mathematics and geometry, that is, locational analysis. Examples include nearest neighbor analysis and Thiessen polygons.
Spatial analysis is the most intriguing and remarkable aspect of GIS. And by employing image analysis, you can detect change over time. These tools and many others, which are part of ArcGIS, enable you to address critically important questions and decisions that are beyond the scope of simple visual analysis.
- Geocoding is the process of transforming a description of a location—such as a pair of coordinates, an address, or a name of a place—to a location on the earth's surface. You can geocode by entering one location description at a time or by providing many of them at once in a table.
- Geocoding is the computational process of transforming a physical address description to a location on the Earth's surface (spatial representation in numerical coordinates).
- The result of scanning an existing document or map, is a raster image, recording a value of dark or light for each grid cell or pixel of the scan. Due to the raster format, scanned images are not directly useful in the vector GIS.
Updated: 2nd October 2019