6th October 2019

softschools
17

What is so special about bromine?

Bromine does not occur naturally on Earth as an element. Its salts are found in the crust at about .4 parts per million. Along with mercury, bromine is one of two elements found to be a liquid at room temperature. Bromine reacts very strongly with most metals to produce bromide salts.

Likewise, where bromine can be found?

Bromine is found naturally in the earth's crust and in seawater in various chemical forms. Bromine can also be found as an alternative to chlorine in swimming pools. Products containing bromine are used in agriculture and sanitation and as fire retardants (chemicals that help prevent things from catching fire).

What is bromine used for in everyday life?

Water Purification. One of the major uses of bromine is a water purifier/disinfectant, as an alternative to chlorine. Brominated compounds are used for water treatment in swimming pools and hot tubs and are also used to control algae and bacterial growth in industrial processes.

How does bromine affect humans?

Bromine is corrosive to human tissue in a liquid state and its vapors irritate eyes and throat. Bromine vapors are very toxic with inhalation. Humans can absorb organic bromines through the skin, with food and during breathing. These bromines can damage the nervous system and the thyroid gland.
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