What is Series circuit connection?
Components of an electrical circuit or electronic circuit can be connected in many different ways. The two simplest of these are called series and parallel and occur frequently. Components connected in series are connected along a single path, so the same current flows through all of the components.
A series circuit is a closed circuit in which the current follows one path, as opposed to a parallel circuit where the circuit is divided into two or more paths. In a series circuit, the current through each load is the same and the total voltage across the circuit is the sum of the voltages across each load.
- The defining characteristic of a series circuit is that there is only one path for electrons to flow.
- A third type of circuit involves the dual use of series and parallel connections in a circuit; such circuits are referred to as compound circuits or combination circuits. The circuit depicted at the right is an example of the use of both series and parallel connections within the same circuit.
- A short circuit is simply a low resistance connection between the two conductors supplying electrical power to any circuit. This results in excessive current flow in the power source through the 'short,' and may even cause the power source to be destroyed.
In a series circuit, the current through each of the components is the same, and the voltage across the circuit is the sum of the voltages across each component. In a parallel circuit, the voltage across each of the components is the same, and the total current is the sum of the currents through each component.
- A circuit diagram (electrical diagram, elementary diagram, electronic schematic) is a graphical representation of an electrical circuit.
- Ohm's Law deals with the relationship between voltage and current in an ideal conductor. This relationship states that: The potential difference (voltage) across an ideal conductor is proportional to the current through it. The constant of proportionality is called the "resistance", R.
- Pickups wired in parallel are brighter sounding and have considerably less output than an identical pickup wired in series. The same rules apply to pick ups wired in series and parallel as a humbuckers coils wired in series and parallel. Two pickups wired in series will have higher output and a fuller tone.
In a series circuit, the current is the same at each resistor. If the light bulbs are identical, then the resistance is the same for each resistor. The voltage drop (I. The voltage boost in the battery will be equal to the sum of the voltage drops across all three resistors.
- The same current flows through each part of a series circuit. In the same way, if one of the bulb was unscrewed, the current flow to both the bulbs would be interrupted. If the circuit were a string of light bulbs, and one burned out, the remaining bulbs would also turn off.
- When appliances are connected in a parallel arrangement, each of them can be put on and off independently. This is a feature that is essential in a house's wiring. Also, if the appliances were wired in series, the potential difference across each appliance would vary depending on the resistance of the appliance.
- Voltage, also called electromotive force, is a quantitative expression of the potential difference in charge between two points in an electrical field.
Updated: 3rd October 2019