What is rule based reasoning in law?
Rule-based reasoning is the most important type of legal reasoning. In rule-based reasoning, you take a rule (a statute or a case holding) and apply it to a set of facts. (This is a type of deductive reasoning.)
In computer science, rule-based systems are used as a way to store and manipulate knowledge to interpret information in a useful way. They are often used in artificial intelligence applications and research.
- One of the major differences lies in the conceptual approach: U.S. GAAP is rule-based, whereas IFRS is principle-based. The inherent characteristic of a principles-based framework is the potential of different interpretations for similar transactions.
- Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, also called GAAP or US GAAP, is the accounting standard adopted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has published US GAAP in Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) beginning in 2008.
- These five basic principles form the foundation of modern accounting practices.
- The Revenue Principle. Image via Flickr by LendingMemo.
- The Expense Principle.
- The Matching Principle.
- The Cost Principle.
- The Objectivity Principle.
Case-based reasoning (CBR), broadly construed, is the process of solving new problems based on the solutions of similar past problems. An auto mechanic who fixes an engine by recalling another car that exhibited similar symptoms is using case-based reasoning.
- Case-based reasoning (CBR), broadly construed, is the process of solving new problems based on the solutions of similar past problems. An auto mechanic who fixes an engine by recalling another car that exhibited similar symptoms is using case-based reasoning.
- Knowledge representation and reasoning (KR, KR², KR&R) is the field of artificial intelligence (AI) dedicated to representing information about the world in a form that a computer system can utilize to solve complex tasks such as diagnosing a medical condition or having a dialog in a natural language.
- A false dichotomy is a dichotomy that is not jointly exhaustive (there are other alternatives), or that is not mutually exclusive (the alternatives overlap), or that is possibly neither. Note that the example given above is not mutually exclusive, since the test and the program could both be wrong.
The rules-based international order can generally be described as a shared commitment by all countries to conduct their activities in accordance with agreed rules that evolve over time, such as international law, regional security arrangements, trade agreements, immigration protocols, and cultural arrangements.
- An appeal to fear (also called argumentum ad metum or argumentum in terrorem) is a fallacy in which a person attempts to create support for an idea by attempting to increase fear towards an alternative. The appeal to fear is common in marketing and politics.
- Transcript of Ethos, Pathos, Logos / Propaganda. Propaganda is meant to persuade people through their emotions rather than with facts. Bandwagon: This technique tries to persuade everyone to join in and do the same thing.
- In rhetoric, loaded language (also known as loaded terms or emotive language) is wording that attempts to influence an audience by using appeal to emotion or stereotypes. Loaded words and phrases have strong emotional implications and involve strongly positive or negative reactions beyond their literal meaning.
Updated: 2nd October 2019