What is power distance dimension?
Dimensions of national cultures. Power distance index (PDI): The power distance index is defined as “the extent to which the less powerful members of organizations and institutions (like the family) accept and expect that power is distributed unequally.”
Power Distance in The United States. While all societies and cultures are not equal, the range of inequality varies from culture to culture. The United States score is a low 40, which is no surprise. We value the American premise of “liberty and justice for all.”
- Individualist cultures, such as those of the United States and Europe, emphasize personal achievement regardless of the expense of group goals, resulting in a strong sense of competition. Both collectivist and individualistic cultures have their failings.
- The first way is individualism, which states that each individual is acting on his or her own, making their own choices, and to the extent they interact with the rest of the group, it's as individuals. Collectivism is the second way, and it views the group as the primary entity, with the individuals lost along the way.
- Geert Hofstede identifies five cultural dimensions, which assign mathematical scores designating a particularcountry's beliefs about each of the dimensions. The five cultural dimensions are power distance (PDI), individualism (IDV), masculinity (MAS), uncertainty avoidance index (UAI), and long-term orientation (LTO).
Definition of Power Distance. Power distance is a term that describes how people belonging to a specific culture view power relationships - superior/subordinate relationships - between people, including the degree that people not in power accept that power is spread unequally.
- Power Distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. India scores high on this dimension, 77, indicating an appreciation for hierarchy and a top-down structure in society and organizations.
- Power distance refers to the way in which power is distributed and the extent to which the less powerful accept that power is distributed unequally. Put simply, people in some cultures accept a higher degree of unequally distributed power than do people in other cultures.
- Power distance is the extent to which the lower ranking individuals of a society "accept and expect that power is distributed unequally". It is primarily used in psychological and sociological studies on societal management of inequalities between individuals, and individual's perceptions of that management.
Power Distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. India scores high on this dimension, 77, indicating an appreciation for hierarchy and a top-down structure in society and organizations.
- It is lower than most of the former English colonies like the USA, Canada, or Australia in individualism but is higher than many of the Asian countries that are adjacent to it. Here is Hofstede's analysis: India, with a rather intermediate score of 48, is a society with both collectivistic and individualistic traits.
- It's important to remember that all cultures have high and low aspects. The UK is typically regarded as a low-context culture, but British humour involves a lot of sarcasm and other such comedic devices that only work in a particular context. That's high context. The consequence is that India is extremely high context.
- An ideal value is a value you believe to be good and right; but a real value is one you believe to be good, right, and you consistently apply it to your life. If our identities behold our values, they are easier to act upon when we are challenged to make tough decisions.
Updated: 2nd October 2019