Polar protic solvents tend to have high dielectric constants and high dipole moments. Furthermore, since they possess O-H or N-H bonds, they can also participate in hydrogen bonding. These solvents can also serve as acids (sources of protons) and weak nucleophiles (forming bonds with strong electrophiles).
Also know, what is an aprotic solvent?
In chemistry, a protic solvent is a solvent that has a hydrogen atom bound to an oxygen (as in a hydroxyl group) or a nitrogen (as in an amine group). In general terms, any solvent that contains a labile H+ is called a protic solvent. Conversely, aprotic solvents cannot donate hydrogen.
What kind of solvent is acetone?
Laboratory. In the laboratory, acetone is used as a polar, aprotic solvent in a variety of organic reactions, such as SN2 reactions. The use of acetone solvent is critical for the Jones oxidation. It does not form an azeotrope with water (see azeotrope (data)).
Why Acetone is a good solvent?
Acetone is a common solvent used for many different purposes. Given that it is miscible and polar, it makes perfect sense why it is able to work with products ranging from water to different organic compounds. Because of this polarity, acetone enjoys mingling with polar solvents like water.