What is performativity of gender?
Judith Butler on gender as “performed” or “performative” To say that gender is performative is a little different because for something to be performative means that it produces a series of effects. We act and walk and speak and talk in ways that consolidate an impression of being a man or being a woman.”
Gender socialization refers to the learning of behavior and attitudes considered appropriate for a given sex. Boys learn to be boys and girls learn to be girls. The behaviour that is seen to be appropriate for each gender is largely determined by societal, cultural and economic values in a given society.
- The four stages of the life course are childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and old age. Socialization continues throughout all these stages.
- One of the central propositions of the life course perspective is that of linked lives—that is, that people in salient relationships with each other, such as parents and children, occupy mutually influential interlocking developmental trajectories that extend throughout their lives (Elder, Johnson, & Crosnoe, 2003).
- Criminologists have recently been combining elements from a number of different theoretical models into integrated theories of crime including latent trait, developmental, and life course theories. Abstract: Latent trait theories hold that some underlying condition present at birth or soon after controls behavior.
Gender roles are cultural and personal. They determine how males and females should think, speak, dress, and interact within the context of society. Learning plays a role in this process of shaping gender roles. These gender schemas are deeply embedded cognitive frameworks regarding what defines masculine and feminine.
- Traditionally, most societies have only recognized two distinct, broad classes of gender roles, masculine and feminine, that correspond with the biological sexes of male and female. People who are non-binary (or genderqueer) have gender identities that are not exclusively masculine or feminine.
- Gender identity is one's personal experience of one's own gender. Gender identity can correlate with assigned sex at birth, or can differ from it. All societies have a set of gender categories that can serve as the basis of the formation of a person's social identity in relation to other members of society.
- In sociology and gender studies, "doing gender" is the idea that in Western culture, gender, rather than being an innate quality of individuals, is a psychologically ingrained social construct that actively surfaces in everyday human interaction.
Updated: 21st September 2018