What is K and Q in chemistry?
Calculating the Reaction Quotient, Q. The expression for the reaction quotient, Q, looks like that used to calculate an equilibrium constant but Q can be calculated for any set of conditions, not just for equilibrium. Q can be used to determine which direction a reaction will shift to reach equilibrium.
Potassium. The name is derived from the english word potash. The chemical symbol K comes from kalium, the Mediaeval Latin for potash, which may have derived from the arabic word qali, meaning alkali. Potassium is a soft, silvery-white metal, member of the alkali group of the periodic chart.
- Chlorine is in group 17 of periodic table, also called the halogens, and is not found as the element in nature - only as a compound. The most common of these being salt, or sodium chloride, and the potassium compounds sylvite (or potassium chloride) and carnallite (potassium magnesium chloride hexahydrate).
- Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30. It is the first element in group 12 of the periodic table.
- Potassium is a soft, silvery-white metal with a melting point of 63°C (145°F) and a boiling point of 770°C (1,420°F). Its density is 0.862 grams per cubic centimeter, less than that of water (1.00 grams per cubic centimeter). That means that potassium metal can float on water.
In chemical kinetics a reaction rate constant or reaction rate coefficient, k, quantifies the rate of a chemical reaction. Here k(T) is the reaction rate constant that depends on temperature.
- Chemical kinetics is the study and discussion of chemical reactions with respect to reaction rates, effect of various variables, re-arrangement of atoms, formation of intermediates etc. There are many topics to be discussed, and each of these topics is a tool for the study of chemical reactions.
- The pre-exponential factor ((A)) is part of the Arrhenius equation, which was formulated by the Swedish chemist Svante Arrhenius in 1889. The pre-exponential factor is also known as the frequency factor, and represents the frequency of collisions between reactant molecules.
- These are all included in the so-called rate constant - which is only actually constant if all you are changing is the concentration of the reactants. If you change the temperature or the catalyst, for example, the rate constant changes. This is shown mathematically in the Arrhenius equation.
|K||Kelvin (thermodynamic temperature scale)|
|K||Kosher (symbol on food labels)|
- The chemical notation for potassium is K+. The proper level of potassium is essential for normal cell function. An abnormal increase in potassium (hyperkalemia) or decrease in potassium (hypokalemia) can profoundly affect the nervous system and heart, and when extreme, can be fatal.
- Uppercase K is the equilibrium constant. You can actually use k to find K (equilibrium constant). K=k/k' This means that the equilibrium constant is the rate constant of the forward reaction divided by the rate constant of the reverse reaction.
- The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics. The kelvin (symbol: K) is the base unit of temperature in the International System of Units (SI).
Updated: 26th November 2019