In Gram-positive bacteria, the S-layer is attached to the peptidoglycan layer. Gram-negative bacteria's S-layer is attached directly to the outer membrane). Specific to Gram-positive bacteria is the presence of teichoic acids in the cell wall.
Also question is, what does Gram stain tell us?
Gram staining is a common technique used to differentiate two large groups of bacteria based on their different cell wall constituents. Gram positive bacteria stain violet due to the presence of a thick layer of peptidoglycan in their cell walls, which retains the crystal violet these cells are stained with.
What is gram positive and negative bacteria?
Gram positive cell walls contain a thick peptidoglycan layer with teichoic acids. Gram negative bacteria will stain red because the thin peptidoglycan layer is surrounded by the plasma membrane and thus will not stain with crystal violet.
What are the diseases caused by Gram positive bacteria?
Several species, including Escherichia coli, are common causes of foodborne disease. Vibrio cholerae—the bacteria responsible for cholera—is a waterborne pathogen. Gram-negative bacteria can also cause respiratory infections, such as certain types of pneumonia, and sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhea.