The amino acids in a polypeptide chain are linked by peptide bonds. Once linked in the protein chain, an individual amino acid is called a residue, and the linked series of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen atoms are known as the main chain or protein backbone.
Moreover, what kind of atoms are found in proteins?
Proteins also provide structure for cells and bind with atoms and molecules within the body. Proteins are composed of molecules called amino acids, and each amino acid contains four elements: hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon. Some might also contain a fifth element, sulfur.
What elements are present in a protein?
Nucleic acids also typically contain phosphorous, and nitrogen plays an important structural role in nucleic acids and proteins. The proteins, being made up a diverse set of amino acids, have, in addition to carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, the elements sulfur and selenium.
What are the atoms that make up proteins?
In brief, proteins are made up of monomers called amino acids. These amino acids are molecules composed of atoms of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and in some cases, sulfur. Amino acids, the monomers, are connected via peptide bonds, to form the polymer that is the protein.