Digital sheet music is technology for representing and displaying sheet music in a computer-readable format. With the emergence of several technological innovations, sheet music evolved in several stages into what was to be termed digital sheet music.
Also question is, what does mean in sheet music?
In music, a note is the pitch and duration of a sound, and also its representation in musical notation (♪, ♩). A note can also represent a pitch class. Notes are the building blocks of much written music: discretizations of musical phenomena that facilitate performance, comprehension, and analysis.
The Italian musical command Ritenuto (often abbreviated Riten.) is an indication to suddenly and temporarily decrease the tempo; to hold back for dramatic effect. Note: Ritenuto is sometimes abbreviated rit., which also stands for ritardando.
D.S., or Dal Segno, means “from the sign.” It directs the player to return to a spot earlier in the score that's marked by the symbol. If the marking says D.S. al Coda, then the player is supposed to play from the to a “To Coda” marking, then jump to a coda section at the end of the music.
A codetta (“little coda”) is a brief conclusion, a dominant–tonic cadence at the end of the exposition that may be repeated several times for emphasis.
In music performance and notation, legato ([leˈgaːto]; Italian for "tied together"; French lié; German gebunden) indicates that musical notes are played or sung smoothly and connected. There is an intermediate articulation called either mezzo staccato or non-legato (sometimes referred to as "portato").
Definition of lento. : at a slow tempo —used especially as a direction in music.
A fermata (Italian: [ferˈmaːta]; "from fermare, to stay, or stop"; also known as a hold, pause, colloquially a birdseye or cyclops eye, or as a grand pause when placed on a note or a rest) is a symbol of musical notation indicating that the note should be prolonged beyond the normal duration its note value would
A caesura is a break in a conversation, a line of verse, or a song. Usually, a caesura means total silence, but not for long. A caesura is a pause, or an interruption. In musical notation, a caesura is a break in the music, which can be a good time for a trumpet player to catch his breath.
Staccato ([stakˈkaːto]; Italian for "detached") is a form of musical articulation. In modern notation it signifies a note of shortened duration, separated from the note that may follow by silence.
adverb. music. (preceding a tempo or dynamic marking) always; consistently. It is used to indicate that a specified volume, tempo, etc, is to be sustained throughout a piece or passage. Word origin of 'sempre'
The two basic dynamic indications in music are: p or piano, meaning "soft". f or forte, meaning "loud".
Definition: The Italian musical command mezzo forte (or mf) literally means “half strong,” and is an indication to play somewhat loudly; slightly softer than (f) forte. See (mp) mezzo piano.
Definition of Pianissimo: The Italian musical command pianissimo affects a song's dynamics (or volume) and is an indication to play very softly; softer than piano, but louder than pianississimo.
The tempo of a piece of music is the speed of the underlying beat. Tempo is measured in BPM, or Beats Per Minute. 60 BPM is one beat every second. Sometimes the tempo is written at the beginning of the music and is called a metronome marking.
Definition: The Italian musical term rallentando (lit. “slowing down”) is a gradual decrease in speed similar to a that of a ritardando, but with more of a rolling stop effect; a lazy deceleration of the tempo that seems to have less certainty and drama than the ritardando. See ritenuto and allargando.
This implies that ritardando seems to be a deliberate slowing or being late, while rallentando seems to be more of a letting go or dying away.(although it becomes similar to smorzando and raising the same question all over again).
Poco (pron. poh-coh) meaning little, is often used along with the above terms such as poco rit., poco accel., etc. A tempo (ah-tem-poh), which means to return to the original tempo, is often used following either rit. or accel.
Tempo rubato ([ˈt?mpo ruˈbaːto]; "free in the presentation", Italian for "stolen time") is a musical term referring to expressive and rhythmic freedom by a slight speeding up and then slowing down of the tempo of a piece at the discretion of the soloist or the conductor.
The word tempo came into English by way of Italian, tracing all the way back to the Latin word tempus, meaning time. It was originally used to describe the timing of music, or the speed at which a piece of music is played. For example, a soothing song would be described as a slow tempo song.
Allegretto – moderately fast (112–120 bpm) Allegro moderato – close to but not quite allegro (116–120 bpm) Allegro – fast, quickly, and bright (120–168 bpm) (molto allegro is slightly faster than allegro, but always in its range) Vivace – lively and fast (168–176 bpm)
Also known as an anaerobic threshold (AT) run or lactate-threshold run, the tempo run was popularized by Jack Daniels, Ph.D., about a decade ago. Here's his definition, taken from Daniels' Running Formula (Human Kinetics): "A tempo run is nothing more than 20 minutes of steady running at threshold pace."