2nd October 2019


What is depletion region in PN diode?

Depletion region or depletion layer is a region in a P-N junction diode where no mobile charge carriers are present. Depletion layer acts like a barrier that opposes the flow of electrons from n-side and holes from p-side.

Accordingly, how is depletion region formed in pn junction?

Depletion Region. When a p-n junction is formed, some of the free electrons in the n-region diffuse across the junction and combine with holes to form negative ions. In so doing they leave behind positive ions at the donor impurity sites.

What is a potential barrier in pn junction diode?

As more electrons and holes flow in the depletion region the number of positive and negative ions is reduced, causing the depletion region to narrow. The energy loss in overcoming the barrier potential results in a voltage drop across the PN junction equal to the barrier potential. ( 0.7V for Si, 0.3V for Ge.)
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