What is correct James or James's?
James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." The Eggleses are a husband and wife consultant team.)
The possessive form of almost all proper names is formed by adding apostrophe and s to a singular or apostrophe alone to a plural. By this style rule, you would express the plural of Ross as Ross's. From The New York Time Manual of Style and Usage (1999): possessives.
- There's no requirement for the apostrophe before the “S” in decade names like 50s and 60s, since there are no omitted letters, though it's also acceptable to include one. The term may be written “'50s” since “19” is being omitted, but “50s” is fine too.
- 1950s refers to the entire decade. 1950's is a reference to some fact or occurrence that belongs to the decade (e.g. The Twist was a 1950's dance). Though it may seem odd to have a number and letter next to each other without punctuation, the plural has no apostrophe.
- When to Use This Abbreviation.
This abbreviation is usually found in titles for the lead executive in corporations, businesses, and we often see it when the U.S. President is mentioned in print. You might abbreviate the word president to pres.
It is the case that “Charles's” is still grammatically correct, because writing reflects speech and most native speakers still pronounce the s twice. That is not to say that “Charles' ” is ungrammatical: it simply reflects a choice to pronounce the s once. And it was not ungrammatical fifty years ago, either.
- James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." The Eggleses are a husband and wife consultant team.)
- The plural of Jones is Joneses, -es being added as an indicator of the plurality of a word of which the singular form ends in s, as in dresses or messes. The apposition of the much misused apostrophe to the word Jones does not pluralize it.
- Thomas is singular, not plural, so its possessive is Thomas's. The correct punctuation is “It is Thomas's birthday”, because “Thomas” is singular.
That is Thomas' chair. That's the Thomases' dog. The construction "Thomas's" is wrong. To form the possessive of a plural proper noun, add only an apostrophe.
- The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s.
- When a family name (a proper noun) is pluralized, we almost always simply add an "s." So we go to visit the Smiths, the Kennedys, the Grays, etc.When a family name ends in s, x, ch, sh, or z, however, we form the plural by added -es, as in the Marches, the Joneses, the Maddoxes, the Bushes, the Rodriguezes.
- Plural forms
Singular abbreviation Word/phrase Plural abbreviation l. line ll. MS manuscript MSS op. opus (plural: opera) opp. p. page pp.
Updated: 25th November 2019