What is an oceanographer job description?
Job duties vary based on the particular specialization of the oceanographer. A biological oceanographer examines plants, microbes and animals. Physical oceanographers study attributes of the ocean like temperature, waves, currents and tides. Finally, geological oceanographers research the ocean floor itself.
Oceanology, also called as Oceanography, is a vast subject covering a range of topics in the sub field areas of Physical, Chemical, Biological and Geological oceanography. It is also significantly important to geography for the relatedness in terms of mapping, navigation and physical and biological study of the ocean.
- Where Does an Oceanographer Work? The oceans cover nearly 70% of the Earth, comprising the majority of the planet's biosphere. Fieldwork is critical to an oceanographer's line of work, meaning that oceanographers will often find themselves working on the ocean or in areas that contact the ocean.
- A brief treatment of oceanography follows. For full treatment, see hydrologic sciences: Study of the oceans and seas. Traditionally, oceanography has been divided into four separate but related branches: physical oceanography, chemical oceanography, marine geology, and marine ecology.
- The Challenger expedition of 1872–76 was a scientific exercise that made many discoveries to lay the foundation of oceanography. The expedition was named after the mother vessel, HMS Challenger.
These constituents often exhibit important biological or chemical functions, which stimulate the specific interests of marine chemistry and chemical oceanography. Sea water contains many gaseous components, which are introduced into the atmosphere or are absorbed from it.
- Marine geology or geological oceanography is the study of the history and structure of the ocean floor. It involves geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological and paleontological investigations of the ocean floor and coastal zone.
- Gases and life. Dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide are vital for marine life. Marine plants use dissolved carbon dioxide, sunlight and water to make carbohydrates through the process of photosynthesis. This process releases oxygen into the water.
- It is significant that so much carbon dioxide stays in the atmosphere because CO2 is the most important gas for controlling Earth's temperature. Carbon dioxide, methane, and halocarbons are greenhouse gases that absorb a wide range of energy—including infrared energy (heat) emitted by the Earth—and then re-emit it.
An oceanographer studies the ocean. Oceanography covers a wide range of topics, including marine life and ecosystems, ocean circulation, plate tectonics and the geology of the seafloor, and the chemical and physical properties of the ocean.
- Basically, it comes down to this – an oceanographer studies the oceans, a marine biologist studies marine life. Oceanography is the study of the oceans. – Biological oceanography is the study of the interaction of the plants and animals of the ocean with their environment. This also can be a part of marine biology.
- Becoming an oceanographer typically requires a master's degree or Ph.D., which can take from six to 10 years. Get an associate degree in order to become a marine tech instead of an oceanographer with advice from a physical oceanographer in this free video on oceanography careers.
- Chemical Oceanography is fundamentally interdisciplinary. The chemistry of the ocean is closely tied to ocean circulation, climate, the plants and animals that live in the ocean, and the exchange of material with the atmosphere, cryosphere, continents, and mantle.
Updated: 25th November 2019