What is an example of a hydrocarbon?
Examples of Hydrocarbons: Natural gas and fuels - Many of the natural fuel sources we use are hydrocarbons. Compounds like methane, butane, propane, and hexane are all hydrocarbons. Their chemical formulas consist of only carbon and hydrogen atoms, in a variety of ratios and chemical configurations.
The term HYDROCARBONS means organic compounds which contain only carbon and hydrogen. By using this definition, four classes of hydrocarbons are included: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and aromatic.
- The terms aliphatic and aromatic are retained in modern terminology, but the compounds they describe are distinguished on the basis of structure rather than origin. Aliphatic hydrocarbons are divided into three main groups according to the types of bonds they contain: alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes.
- Most of the compounds in crude oil are hydrocarbons. Alkanes are a type of hydrocarbon. The number of hydrogen atoms in an alkane is double the number of carbon atoms, plus two. For example, the molecular formula of methane is CH4.
- Hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are organic molecules consisting entirely of carbon and hydrogen. They make good fuels because their covalent bonds store a large amount of energy, which is released when the molecules are burned (i.e., when they react with oxygen to form carbon dioxide and water).
Updated: 26th November 2019