What is acarbose medication used for?
Acarbose slows the digestion of carbohydrates in the body, which helps control blood sugar levels. Acarbose is used to treat type 2 diabetes. Acarbose is sometimes used in combination with insulin or other diabetes medications you take by mouth.
Acarbose may help people with diabetes lose weight, though the results of studies have been mixed. In one study, reported by the International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, long-term use of acarbose resulted in modest weight loss in people with type 2 diabetes.
- Acarbose significantly lowers postprandial blood glucose measured 60, 90 and 120 minutes after a meal. The effects can be seen after the first dose and can last for 3 to 5 hours, although an acute effect is apparent within a few minutes.
- Take acarbose with the first bite of a main meal, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Your blood sugar will need to be checked often, and you may need other blood tests at your doctor's office. Visit your doctor regularly.
- Common warnings signs of diabetes include:
- Increased thirst.
- Increased hunger (especially after eating)
- Dry mouth.
- Frequent urination or urine infections.
- Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)
- Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
- Blurred vision.
Tell your doctor if you have rare but very serious side effects of Precose including:
- unusual tiredness,
- persistent nausea or vomiting,
- severe stomach or abdominal pain,
- rectal bleeding,
- yellowing eyes or skin, or.
- dark urine.
- C-peptide level is based on blood sugar level. C-peptide is a sign that your body is producing insulin. A low level (or no C-peptide) indicates that your pancreas is producing little or no insulin. A low level may be normal if you have not eaten recently.
- It is released from the pancreatic beta-cells during cleavage of insulin from proinsulin. It is mainly excreted by the kidney, and its half-life is 3-4 times longer than that of insulin. The reference range of C-peptide is 0.8-3.1 ng/mL (conventional units), or 0.26-1.03 nmol/L (SI).
- Reference Range
Insulin Level Insulin Level (SI Units*) Fasting < 25 mIU/L < 174 pmol/L 30 minutes after glucose administration 30-230 mIU/L 208-1597 pmol/L 1 hour after glucose administration 18-276 mIU/L 125-1917 pmol/L 2 hour after glucose administration 16-166 mIU/L 111-1153 pmol/L
Updated: 18th November 2019