What is a transient in a circuit?
In electrical engineering, oscillation is an effect caused by a transient response of a circuit or system. It is a momentary event preceding the steady state (electronics) during a sudden change of a circuit. Mathematically, it can be modeled as a damped harmonic oscillator.
Transient surges are defined as momentary bursts of energy that are induced upon power, data, or communication lines. They are characterized by extremely high voltages that can drive tremendous amounts of current into an electrical circuit for a few millionths, up to a few thousandths of a second.
- Voltage Transients are defined as short duration surges of electrical energy and are the result of the sudden release of energy previously stored or induced by other means, such as heavy inductive loads or lightning. Random transients, on the other hand, are often caused by Lightning and Electrostatic Discharge (ESD).
- Transient Effects in Conditional Mean Model Simulations. When you use automatically generated presample data, you often see some transient effects at the beginning of the simulation. This is sometimes called a burn-in period. For stationary processes, the impulse response function decays to zero over time.
- "Distributed Transient Network (DTN) is defined as: the type of network which is inherently decentralized by nature and consists mainly of nodes which are not per se constantly a part of the network and are able to join or leave at any time at any place in the network.
A system is said to be in a transient state when a process variable or variables have been changed and the system has not yet reached a steady state.The time taken for the circuit to change from one steady state to another steady state is called the transient time.
- Transient surges are defined as momentary bursts of energy that are induced upon power, data, or communication lines. They are characterized by extremely high voltages that can drive tremendous amounts of current into an electrical circuit for a few millionths, up to a few thousandths of a second.
- The damping ratio is a dimensionless measure describing how oscillations in a system decay after a disturbance. Many systems exhibit oscillatory behavior when they are disturbed from their position of static equilibrium.
- The response of a circuit (containing resistances, inductances, capacitors and switches) due to sudden application of voltage or current is called transient response. The most common instance of a transient response in a circuit occurs when a switch is turned on or off – a rather common event in an electric circuit.
Updated: 2nd October 2019