4th December 2019

quora
15

What is a set of chromosomes?

It is a cell which can be diploid or haploid. Now, haploid means that a cell has a one complete set of chromosomes, which in case of humans (homo sapiens) is 23; 22 autosomes and 1 sex chromosome. Diploid cell means a cell has 2 sets of chromosomes i.e. double. Each chromosome is present in 2 copies.

Just so, what do you call a cell with pairs of chromosomes?

Somatic Cells are Diploid (2n) having a complete set of paired chromosomes. In the Human this would be 46 chromosomes or 23 pairs. A Gamete (reproductive cell) are Monoploid (n) also called Haploid having a single set of chromosomes.

What is the name for a full set of chromosomes?

These cells contain a complete set of chromosomes (46 in humans) and are called DIPLOID. Sex Cells - also known as gametes. These cells contain half the number of chromosomes as body cells and are called HAPLOID. Chromosomes come in pairs, called Homologous Pairs (or homologs).

What are the first 23 pairs of chromosomes called?

Of the 23 pairs of chromosomes, the first 22 pairs are called "autosomes." The final pair is called the "sex chromosomes." Sex chromosomes determine an individual's sex: females have two X chromosomes (XX), and males have an X and a Y chromosome (XY).
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