What is a normal MOCA score?
Scores on the MoCA range from zero to 30, with a score of 26 and higher generally considered normal. In the initial study data establishing the MoCA, normal controls had an average score of 27.4, compared with 22.1 in people with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and 16.2 in people with Alzheimer's disease.
The mini mental state examination (MMSE) is a commonly used set of questions for screening cognitive function. This examination is not suitable for making a diagnosis but can be used to indicate the presence of cognitive impairment, such as in a person with suspected dementia or following a head injury.
- BEST TOOL: The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) is a tool that can be used to systematically and thoroughly assess mental status. It is an 11-question measure that tests five areas of cognitive function: orientation, registration, attention and calculation, recall, and language. The maximum score is 30.
- Other dementia symptoms during this stage include:
- Trouble holding urine (incontinence)
- Increase in memory loss and forgetfulness.
- Inability to use or find the right words and phrases.
- Difficulty doing challenging mental math exercises, such as counting backwards from 100 by 7.
- Increase in social withdrawal.
- The following are used to temporarily improve dementia symptoms. Cholinesterase inhibitors. These medications — including donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon) and galantamine (Razadyne) — work by boosting levels of a chemical messenger involved in memory and judgment.
Updated: 2nd October 2019