The A1C test measures the glucose (blood sugar) in your blood by assessing the amount of what's called glycated hemoglobin. An A1C level below 5.7 percent is considered normal. An A1C between 5.7 and 6.4 percent signals prediabetes. Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed when the A1C is over 6.5 percent.
Similarly, you may ask, what does the term a1c stand for?
About 90% of hemoglobin is hemoglobin A (the "A" stands for adult type). Although one chemical component accounts for 92% of hemoglobin A, approximately 8% of hemoglobin A is made up of minor components that are chemically slightly different. These minor components include hemoglobin A1c, A1b, A1a1, and A1a2.
Diabetes & Diet: 7 Foods That Control Blood Sugar
- Raw, Cooked, or Roasted Vegetables. These add color, flavor, and texture to a meal.
- Greens. Go beyond your regular salad and try kale, spinach, and chard.
- Flavorful, Low-calorie Drinks.
- Melon or Berries.
- Whole-grain, Higher-fiber Foods.
- A Little Fat.
You can lower your A1C by making small changes to your exercise regimen, diet, medication, and overall lifestyle. If you already have diabetes, find out your personal optimal levels. People at risk for hypoglycemia, for example, may not safely keep their A1C level below 7 percent.
The higher the level of glucose in the blood, the higher the level of hemoglobin A1c is detectable on red blood cells. Normal ranges for hemoglobin A1c in people without diabetes is about 4% to 5.9%. People with diabetes with poor glucose control have hemoglobin A1c levels above 7%.
If you have a really low A1c, less than 6% and are experiencing hypoglycemia, then your doctor may want to adjust your medications. On the other hand, if you are not on diabetes medications and have not been having symptoms of hypoglycemia and your A1C is low, then that is great.
When the A1C test is used to diagnose diabetes, an A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate occasions indicates you have diabetes. A result between 5.7 and 6.4 percent is considered prediabetes, which indicates a high risk of developing diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes can be understood as a potentially reversible metabolic state precipitated by the single cause of chronic excess intraorgan fat. Type 2 diabetes has long been known to progress despite glucose-lowering treatment, with 50% of individuals requiring insulin therapy within 10 years (1).
3 tips to lower your blood sugar fast
- Hydrate. The more water you drink, the better.
- Exercise. Exercise is a good way to get better blood sugar control and keep your blood sugar levels in a healthy range as a part of your routine diabetes management.
- Eat a protein-packed snack.
Four ways to lower your A1C:
- Lose weight. A weight loss of 10 percent of your body weight will do wonders to lower your A1C.
- Decrease your food intake by eating 1/3 of what you normally eat.
- Know what your diabetes medications do; how they work.
- Test your after meal blood sugar and don't let it rise above 130-140.
Normal A1C level can range from 4.5 to 6 percent. A1C test is used to diagnose diabetes, an A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate dates indicates diabetes. A result between 5.7 and 6.4 percent is considered prediabetes, which is high risk of developing diabetes.
For someone without diabetes, a fasting blood sugar on awakening should be under 100 mg/dl. Before-meal normal sugars are 70–99 mg/dl. “Postprandial” sugars taken two hours after meals should be less than 140 mg/dl. There is also a long-term glucose test called a hemoglobin A1c, HbA1c, or just A1C.
Therefore, it's important to avoid the foods listed below.
- Sugar-Sweetened Beverages. Sugary beverages are the worst drink choice for someone with diabetes.
- Trans Fats.
- White Bread, Pasta and Rice.
- Fruit-Flavored Yogurt.
- Sweetened Breakfast Cereals.
- Flavored Coffee Drinks.
- Honey, Agave Nectar and Maple Syrup.
- Dried Fruit.
Here are 15 easy ways to lower blood sugar levels naturally:
- Exercise Regularly.
- Control Your Carb Intake.
- Increase Your Fiber Intake.
- Drink Water and Stay Hydrated.
- Implement Portion Control.
- Choose Foods With a Low Glycemic Index.
- Control Stress Levels.
- Monitor Your Blood Sugar Levels.
The higher your blood sugar levels, the more hemoglobin you'll have with sugar attached. In general: An A1C level below 5.7 percent is considered normal. An A1C level between 5.7 and 6.4 percent is considered prediabetes. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests indicates type 2 diabetes.
The normal blood glucose level (tested while fasting) for non-diabetics, should be between 3.9 and 5.5 mmol/L (70 to 100 mg/dL). The mean normal blood glucose level in humans is about 5.5 mmol/L (100 mg/dL); however, this level fluctuates throughout the day.
A radical low-calorie diet can reverse type 2 diabetes, even six years into the disease, a new study has found. A new study from Newcastle and Glasgow Universities shows that the disease can be reversed by losing weight, so that sufferers no longer have to take medication and are free of the symptoms and risks.
Hemoglobin, or Hb, is usually expressed in grams per deciliter (g/dL) of blood. A low level of hemoglobin in the blood relates directly to a low level of oxygen. In the United States, anemia is diagnosed if a blood test finds less than 13.5 g/dL in a man or less than 12 g/dL in a woman.
Prediabetes is a “pre-diagnosis” of diabetes—you can think of it as a warning sign. It's when your blood glucose level (blood sugar level) is higher than normal, but it's not high enough to be considered diabetes. But here's the good news: it is possible to prevent prediabetes from developing into type 2 diabetes.
With the A1C test or eAG, it takes about 2 to 3 months to see all the results of an improvement (or worsening) in blood glucose. This is why there's really no need to have the test more often than every 3 months.
Patients do not need to fast before the test is given, and it is far less likely to identify clinically irrelevant fluctuations in blood sugar because it measures average blood glucose levels over several months. The new guidelines do not call for replacing traditional screening with the A1C test.