21st November 2019


What is a gene made out of?

The vast majority of living organisms encode their genes in long strands of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). DNA consists of a chain made from four types of nucleotide subunits, each composed of: a five-carbon sugar (2'-deoxyribose), a phosphate group, and one of the four bases adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine.

In this regard, what is a gene and what is it made of?


What are genes and what do they do?

Genes tell your body how to make all its proteins. Each new cell in the growing embryo receives a full set of genes. But not every cell needs to make every protein and cells make some proteins only at certain times. Some genes are instructions for proteins that regulate the activity of other genes.

Where are the genes comes from?

Chromosomes are Inherited From Your Parents. One chromosome from each of your 23 pairs came from each of your parents. The two chromosomes of a pair (except for the sex chromosomes) contain the same genes, but the genes have small differences. Things like SNPs make each copy of a gene uniquely Mom's or Dad's.
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