Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes. RNA and DNA are nucleic acids, and, along with lipids, proteins and carbohydrates, constitute the four major macromolecules essential for all known forms of life.
Subsequently, one may also ask, what is the full form of DNA?
DNA - Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid. Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in all known living organisms containing the genetic instructions used in their development and functioning. The DNA segments carrying this genetic information are called genes.
What is the meaning of DNA and RNA?
DNA is a double helix, while RNA is a single helix. Both have sets of nucleotides that contain genetic information. Credit: udaix Shutterstock. Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA is a molecule that contains the instructions an organism needs to develop, live and reproduce.
What is the full name of RNA?
There are two types of nucleic acids which are polymers found in all living cells. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) is found mainly in the nucleus of the cell, while Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) is found mainly in the cytoplasm of the cell although it is usually synthesized in the nucleus.