What is a file in file structure?
A data structure is a specialized format for organizing and storing data. General data structure types include the array, the file, the record, the table, the tree, and so on. Any data structure is designed to organize data to suit a specific purpose so that it can be accessed and worked with in appropriate ways.
It specifies how bits are used to encode information in a digital storage medium. File formats may be either proprietary or free and may be either unpublished or open. Some file formats are designed for very particular types of data: PNG files, for example, store bitmapped images using lossless data compression.
- A FILE is a generic file extension that may be appended to a Windows file that does not have an extension. It is an unknown file type and no associated program will automatically open it. If the file is formatted as a text file, you can at least view the contents of the file by opening it in a text editor.
- An open format is a file format for storing digital data, defined by a published specification usually maintained by a standards organization, and which can be used and implemented by anyone. In contrast to open formats, closed formats are considered trade secrets.
- File identifier is a simple command-line utility that enables you to easily identify files of various formats, as well as to extract metadata from PDF, PNG, RIFF, EXE, and others.
open file - Computer Definition. A file, typically a disk file, that has been made available to the application by the operating system for reading and/or writing. All files must be "opened" before they can be accessed and "closed" when no longer required.
- A proprietary format is a file format of a company, organization, or individual that contains data that is ordered and stored according to a particular encoding-scheme, designed by the company or organization to be secret, such that the decoding and interpretation of this stored data is easily accomplished only with
- A few of the more common file formats are:
- Word documents (.doc)
- Web text pages (.htm or .html)
- Web page images (.gif and .jpg)
- Adobe Postcript files (.ps)
- Adobe Acrobat files (.pdf)
- Executable programs (.exe)
- Multimedia files (.mp3 and others)
- A file type is a name given to a specific kind of file. For example, a Microsoft Word document and an Adobe Photoshop document are two different file types. File extensions are also used by the operating system to associate file types with specific programs.
Updated: 3rd October 2019