What is a daemon process?

A daemon is a long-running background process that answers requests for services. The term originated with Unix, but most operating systems use daemons in some form or another. In Unix, the names of daemons conventionally end in "d". Some examples include inetd , httpd , nfsd , sshd , named , and lpd .
A.

What is the difference between a zombie process and an orphan process?

Zombie process vs Orphan process. Ask Question. vote 36. 24. A Zombie is created when a parent process does not use the wait system call after a child dies to read its exit status, and an orphan is child process that is reclaimed by init when the original parent process terminates before the child.
  • What is the process table?

    The process table is a data structure maintained by the operating system to facilitate context switching and scheduling, and other activities discussed later. In Xinu, the index of a process table entry associated with a process serves to identify the process, and is known as the process id of the process.
  • Which PID is assigned to the init program?

    A process is an executing (i.e., running) instance of a program. Each process is guaranteed a unique PID, which is always a non-negative integer. The process init is the only process that will always have the same PID on any session and on any system, and that PID is 1.
  • What is a pipe in operating system?

    In computer programming, especially in UNIX operating systems, a pipe is a technique for passing information from one program process to another. Basically, a pipe passes a parameter such as the output of one process to another process which accepts it as input.
B.

What is the orphan process?

An orphan process is a computer process whose parent process has finished or terminated, though it remains running itself. In a Unix-like operating system any orphaned process will be immediately adopted by the special init system process.
  • How does cortisol make you fat?

    Levels of "the stress hormone," cortisol, rise during tension-filled times. This can turn your overeating into a habit. Because increased levels of the hormone also help cause higher insulin levels, your blood sugar drops and you crave sugary, fatty foods.
  • What are the symptoms of too much cortisol?

    Other signs and symptoms include:
    • Severe fatigue.
    • Muscle weakness.
    • Depression, anxiety and irritability.
    • Loss of emotional control.
    • Cognitive difficulties.
    • New or worsened high blood pressure.
    • Headache.
    • Bone loss, leading to fractures over time.
  • What is a cortisol blocker?

    Cortisol blockers help decrease your cortisol level. Cortisol is a hormone, sometimes called the stress hormone. Its main job is to help your body function well in times of stress. Cortisol blockers can be effective in treating high cortisol level disorders, such as Cushing's syndrome.
C.

What is a child process and a parent process?

In Unix-like operating systems, every process except process 0 (the swapper) is created when another process executes the fork() system call. The process that invoked fork is the parent process and the newly created process is the child process.
  • What is the PID of a child process?

    My pid is 22162 and my parent's id is 22163. fork() executes before the printf . So when its done, you have two processes with the same instructions to execute. Therefore, printf will execute twice. The call to fork() will return 0 to the child process, and the pid of the child process to the parent process.
  • What is PID in operating system?

    In computing, the process identifier testing (normally referred to as the process ID or PID) is a number used by most operating system kernels—such as those of UNIX, macOS and Microsoft Windows—to uniquely identify an active process.
  • What is the meaning of Pid_t in Linux?

    pid_t is basically signed integer used for representing process ID. See the GCC manual for details: Process Identification. key_t is also signed integer it is not standard C type. You can find the definitions of both pid_t and key_t in sys/types.h header file located at /usr/include/sys/types.h in Linux environment.

Updated: 3rd December 2019

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