What is a calyx in medical terms?

A flower-shaped or funnel-shaped structure; specifically one of the branches or recesses of the pelvis of the kidney into which the orifices of the renal pyramids project. Synonym(s): calix [TA]
A.

What is a calyx anatomy?

Calyx is a term used in animal anatomy for some cuplike areas or structures.
  • What are the two major parts of the nephron?

    Two major parts of the nephron are the renal corpuscle and the renal tubule. The corpuscle has the glomerulus (see illustration). Cleansing of the blood occurs in this part of the nephron. The glomerulus, which is a tuft of very small blood vessels, has tiny holes that act as a filter.
  • What is the function of the kidneys?

    The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs in the renal system. They help the body pass waste as urine. They also help filter blood before sending it back to the heart. creating hormones that help produce red blood cells, promote bone health, and regulate blood pressure.
  • What does the pelvis of the kidney do?

    The renal pelvis or pelvis of the kidney is the basin-like or funnel-like dilated proximal part of the ureter in the kidney. In humans, the renal pelvis is the point of convergence of two or three major calyces. Each renal papilla is surrounded by a branch of the renal pelvis called a calyx.
B.

What is Calyx in plants?

Collectively the sepals are called the calyx (plural calyces), the outermost whorl of parts that form a flower. The word calyx was adopted from the Latin calyx, not to be confused with calix, a cup or goblet. Morphologically, both sepals and petals are modified leaves.
  • What is Calyx in plants?

    Collectively the sepals are called the calyx (plural calyces), the outermost whorl of parts that form a flower. The word calyx was adopted from the Latin calyx, not to be confused with calix, a cup or goblet. Morphologically, both sepals and petals are modified leaves.
  • What part of the flower is the calyx?

    The stamens, or male reproductive organs, lie within the corolla. The pistils, or female parts of the flower, make up the innermost whorl of parts. The Calyx is usually made up of small, green, leaflike sepals. These sepals protect the delicate inner parts of the flower bud.
  • What is the definition of sepal in science?

    sepal. [sē′p?l] One of the usually separate, green parts that surround and protect the flower bud and extend from the base of a flower after it has opened. Sepals tend to occur in the same number as the petals and to be centered over the petal divisions.
C.

What makes up the glomerulus?

Glomerulus: 1.In the kidney, a tiny ball-shaped structure composed of capillary blood vessels actively involved in the filtration of the blood to form urine. The glomerulus is one of the key structures that make up the nephron, the functional unit of the kidney.
  • What happens in the glomerulus?

    The process by which glomerular filtration occurs is called renal ultrafiltration. The force of hydrostatic pressure in the glomerulus (the force of pressure exerted from the pressure of the blood vessel itself) is the driving force that pushes filtrate out of the capillaries and into the slits in the nephron.
  • What is happening in the nephron?

    Each nephron filters a small amount of blood. The nephron includes a filter, called the glomerulus, and a tubule. The nephrons work through a two-step process. The glomerulus lets fluid and waste products pass through it; however, it prevents blood cells and large molecules, mostly proteins, from passing.
  • What are the two major components of the nephron?

    Two major parts of the nephron are the renal corpuscle and the renal tubule. The corpuscle has the glomerulus (see illustration). Cleansing of the blood occurs in this part of the nephron.

Updated: 20th September 2018

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