A c-chart is an

**attributes**control chart used with data collected in**subgroups**that are the same size. C-charts show how the process, measured by the number of nonconformities per item or group of items, changes over time. Nonconformities are defects or occurrences found in the sampled**subgroup**.Why do we use P chart?

A

**p**-**chart is**an attributes control**chart used**with data collected in subgroups of varying sizes. Because the subgroup size can vary, it shows a proportion on nonconforming items rather than the actual count.**P**-**charts**show how the process changes over time.1

## What is the U chart?

A

**u**-**chart**is an attributes control**chart**used with data collected in subgroups of varying sizes.**U**-**charts**show how the process, measured by the number of nonconformities per item or group of items, changes over time. Nonconformities are defects or occurrences found in the sampled subgroup.2

## What are the 7 QC tools?

**The seven QC tools are:**

- Stratification (Divide and Conquer)
- Histogram.
- Check Sheet (Tally Sheet)
- Cause-and-effect diagram (“fishbone” or Ishikawa diagram)
- Pareto chart (80/20 Rule)
- Scatter diagram (Shewhart Chart)
- Control chart.

3

## What is the NP chart?

An

**NP chart**is a data analysis technique for determining if a measurement process has gone out of statistical control. It is sensitive to changes in the number of defective items in the measurement process. The “**NP**” in**NP charts**stands for the**np**(the mean number of successes) of a binomial distribution.4

## When would you use an NP chart?

An

**np**-**chart**is an attributes control**chart used**with data collected in subgroups that are the same size.**Np**-**charts**show how the process, measured by the number of nonconforming items it produces, changes over time.5

## What type of control chart is used to monitor the number of defects per unit?

How do I choose the appropriate type of control chart?

DATA TYPE | CHARTS | MONITORS |
---|---|---|

Attribute | Standardized p | Standardized Proportion Defective |

Attribute | c | Number of Defects |

Attribute | u | Number of Defects per unit |

Attribute | Standardized u | Standardized Number of Defects per unit |

6

## What is SPC?

Statistical Process Control (

**SPC**) is an industry-standard methodology for measuring and controlling quality during the manufacturing process. Quality data in the form of Product or Process measurements are obtained in real-time during manufacturing.7

## What is control chart in TQM?

A

**control chart**is a popular statistical tool for monitoring and improving quality. Originated by Walter Shewhart in 1924 for the manufacturing environment, it was later extended by W. Edward Deming to the quality improvement in all areas of an organization (a philosophy known as**Total Quality Management**, or**TQM**).8

## What do you mean by SPC charts?

Also called: statistical process control. The control

**chart**is a graph used to study how a process changes over time. Data are plotted in time order. A control**chart**always has a central line for the average, an upper line for the upper control limit and a lower line for the lower control limit.9

## What is a check sheet used for?

The

**check sheet**is a form (document) used to collect data in real time at the location where the data is generated. The data it captures can be quantitative or qualitative. When the information is quantitative, the**check sheet**is sometimes called a tally**sheet**.10

## What is the use of Pareto chart?

A

**Pareto chart**, named after Vilfredo**Pareto**, is a type of**chart**that contains both bars and a line graph, where individual values are represented in descending order by bars, and the cumulative total is represented by the line.11

## What is a run on a chart?

A

**run chart**is a line graph of data plotted over time. By collecting and charting data over time, you can find trends or patterns in the process. Because they do not use control limits,**run charts**cannot tell you if a process is stable. However, they can show you how the process is**running**.12

## What are the 3 sigma control limits for the process?

Three-

**sigma limit**(**3**-**sigma limits**) is a statistical calculation that refers to data within three standard deviations from a mean.**Control**charts are used to establish**limits**for a manufacturing or business process that is in a state of statistical**control**.13

## What is the process capability?

**Process capability**is the repeatability and consistency of a manufacturing

**process**relative to the customer requirements in terms of specification limits of a product parameter. This measure is used to objectively measure the degree to which your

**process**is or is not meeting the requirements.

14

## What is an S chart?

In statistical quality control, the and

**s chart**is a type of control**chart**used to monitor variables data when samples are collected at regular intervals from a business or industrial process.15

## What is a control chart in Six Sigma?

The primary Statistical Process

**Control**(SPC) tool for**Six Sigma**initiatives is the**control chart**— a graphical tracking of a process input or an output over time. In the**control chart**, these tracked measurements are visually compared to decision limits calculated from probabilities of the actual process performance.16

## What is a variable control chart?

**Variables control charts**plot continuous measurement process data, such as length or pressure, in a time-ordered sequence. In contrast, attribute

**control charts**plot count data, such as the number of defects or defective units.

17

## Who created the control chart?

The control chart was invented by

**Walter A. Shewhart**working for Bell Labs in the 1920s.18

## What is meant by control plan?

A

**Control Plan**is a method for documenting the functional elements of quality**control**that are to be implemented in order to assure that quality standards are met for a particular product or service. The intent of the**control plan**is to formalize and document the system of**control**that will be utilized.