Then, what is a block scope?
A variable can be either of global or local scope. A global variable is a variable declared in the main body of the source code, outside all functions, while a local variable is one declared within the body of a function or a block. Modern versions allow nested lexical scoping.
A variable can be defined in either local or global scope, which establishes the variables' accessibility from different scopes during runtime. Any defined global variable, meaning any variable declared outside of a function body will live throughout runtime and can be accessed and altered in any scope.