6th October 2019

lumenlearning
16

What happens during a muscle contraction?

The muscle contraction cycle is triggered by calcium ions binding to the protein complex troponin, exposing the active-binding sites on the actin. ATP then binds to myosin, moving the myosin to its high-energy state, releasing the myosin head from the actin active site.

Also question is, what causes the muscles to contract?

Skeletal muscle is under voluntary control. Nerve impulses that originate in the central nervous system cause muscles to contract. Both neurons and muscle tissue conduct electrical current by moving ions across cellular membranes. A motor neuron ends in a synapse with a muscle fiber.

How does contraction of a muscle occur?

Troponin is a protein that helps hold tropomyosin in place on the actin filament. For a muscle contraction to occur, troponin and tropomyosin must be moved to reveal the myosin-binding sites. Calcium triggers movement of these proteins. When calcium binds to troponin, the shape of the troponin molecule changes.

How do muscles get their energy?

The source of energy that is used to power the movement of contraction in working muscles is adenosine triphosphate (ATP) – the body's biochemical way to store and transport energy. However, ATP is not stored to a great extent in cells. So once muscle contraction starts, the making of more ATP must start quickly.
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