What does the PCV vaccine protect against?
The pneumococcal vaccine protects against serious and potentially fatal pneumococcal infections. It's also known as the "pneumo jab" or pneumonia vaccine. Pneumococcal infections are caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae and can lead to pneumonia, septicaemia (a kind of blood poisoning) and meningitis.
The PCV vaccine is recommended for the following children: All infants younger than 24 months should receive four doses of the vaccine, the first one at 2 months. The next two shots should be given at 4 months and 6 months, with a final booster that should be given at 12 to 15 months.
- There are no live ingredients. For adults who are 65 and over and are otherwise healthy, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention currently recommend a one-time vaccination with the pneumonia shot and no booster shots. However, many doctors do give a second shot 5 to 10 years after the first shot.
- Although the pneumonia vaccine can't prevent all cases, it can lower your chances of catching the disease. And if you've had the shot and you do get pneumonia anyway, you will probably have a much milder case.
- Less serious side effects may include:
- mild redness, swelling, tenderness, or a hard lump where the shot was given;
- weakness, tired feeling;
- crying, fussiness;
- drowsiness, restless sleep;
- low fever (102 degrees or less);
- vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite; or.
- mild skin rash.
CDC recommends pneumococcal conjugate vaccination for: All babies and children younger than 2 years old. All adults 65 years or older. People 2 through 64 years old with certain medical conditions.
- However, CDC does not have a recommendation for routine use of Zostavax in people 50 through 59 years old. Protection from this shingles vaccine lasts about 5 years, so adults vaccinated before they are 60 years old might not be protected later in life when the risk for shingles and its complications are greatest.
- Pneumococcal vaccine can be given at any time of year. It can also be given at the same time as the flu shot but in the opposite arm. A single dose of pneumococcal vaccine is recommended for most persons.
- People who need a pneumonia vaccine should get both shots: first, the PCV13 shot and then the PPSV23 shot a year or more later. For most people, one of each shot should be enough to protect them for their entire lives. Sometimes, you may need a booster shot.
The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13 or Prevnar 13®) protects against the 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria that cause most of the severe illness in children and adults. The vaccine can also help prevent some ear infections. CDC recommends PCV13 for all children at 2, 4, 6, and 12 to 15 months old.
- Ceftriaxone (Rocephin) May be used to treat pneumococci that have reduced susceptibility to penicillin. Generally not preferred for infections caused by high-level penicillin-resistance pneumococci. For empiric treatment of meningitis, use in conjunction with vancomycin or rifampin.
- Some children may get severe diarrhea, become dehydrated and need to be hospitalized. You can protect your child with rotavirus vaccine. Rotavirus disease is common among infants and young children. Rotavirus can cause severe watery diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain.
- CDC recommends pneumococcal conjugate vaccination for: All babies and children younger than 2 years old. All adults 65 years or older. People 2 through 64 years old with certain medical conditions.
Updated: 12th November 2019