What does the legislative branch do?
The legislative branch is made up of the two houses of Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives. The most important duty of the legislative branch is to make laws. Laws are written, discussed and voted on in Congress. The Senate must ratify all treaties by a two-thirds vote.
The process of government by which bills are considered and laws enacted is commonly referred to as the Legislative Process. The California State Legislature is made up of two houses: the Senate and the Assembly.
- The legislative process is the sequence of steps required for laws to move through the system, from ideas to formally adopted legislation. Ideas for laws originate from members of Congress, who propose them as bills or resolutions.
- - A legislative proposal that if passed by both the House and the Senate and approved by the President becomes law. Each bill is assigned a bill number. HR denotes bills that originate in the House and S denotes bills that originate in the Senate.
- A major difference between the House and Senate concerns the rules governing floor debate. Before a bill goes to the floor for debate, it must go through the House Rules Committee, which passes a rule to accompany each bill.
Legislators are members of the legislative branch of government, which is responsible for making new laws and changing existing laws. They are elected by the public to work for the federal government or for various other levels of government. They govern by proposing bills, holding votes, and passing laws.
- Legislative Branch: Headed by Congress, which includes the House of Representatives and the Senate. The main task of these two bodies is to make the laws. Its powers include passing laws, originating spending bills (House), impeaching officials (Senate), and approving treaties (Senate).
- The legislative branch is made up of the two houses of Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives. The most important duty of the legislative branch is to make laws. Laws are written, discussed and voted on in Congress. The Senate must ratify all treaties by a two-thirds vote.
- Salary Range. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that the average annual income of legislators was $38,860 in May 2011. Lawmakers in the top 10 percent in terms of annual income made more than $85,920 a year and the bottom 10 percent made less than $16,280.
Updated: 19th September 2018