What does it mean when your pee is?
Normal, healthy pee actually has a yellow color from a pigment called urochrome. It's true that the darker that yellow becomes, the less hydrated your body is. However, drinking so much water that your pee is clear can actually cause an imbalance in your electrolyte levels.
Normally, the color of your urine should be between almost clear and dark yellow. Neon-green pee may look alarming, but it's usually just a sign that you're getting too much of certain vitamins - B vitamins, in particular - and that your body is flushing out the excess.
- If blue pigment gets into urine, the color is often green because the blue mixes with the yellow urochrome that's naturally present. But green urine can be a sign of a urinary tract infection or a bacterial infection that has gotten into the blood (bacteremia).
- This may look alarming, especially when your urine seems to be glowing in the dark. But don't worry — the bright yellow color is likely due to vitamins, specifically, B vitamins and beta carotene. Green or blue. Your urine might also be green or blue due to food dyes or, possibly, a urinary tract infection (UTI).
- Don't panic! These foods could change the colour of your urine
- Pink/red/magenta. Beetroot, blueberries and rhubarb are foods that can temporarily turn your urine pink, red or magenta.
- Orange. Carrots, carrot juice and vitamin C in large quantities can turn your urine orange.
- Green/yellow. B vitamins and asparagus can sometimes turn your urine green or bright yellow.
Some brightly colored food dyes can cause green urine. Dyes used for some tests of kidney and bladder function can turn urine blue. Medications. A number of medications produce blue or green urine, including amitriptyline, indomethacin (Indocin, Tivorbex) and propofol (Diprivan).
- It may be due to bile pigment in the stool because diarrhea moves food too quickly thorough the intestine so the intestinal chemicals and bacteria can't break down the bile pigment to its normal brown color, or the green color may be due to certain foods like green, leafy vegetables or green food coloring.
- The micturition reflex normally produces a series of contractions of the urinary bladder. The flow of urine through the urethra has an overall excitatory role in micturition, which helps sustain voiding until the bladder is empty.
- Some brightly colored food dyes can cause green urine. Dyes used for some tests of kidney and bladder function can turn urine blue. Medications. A number of medications produce blue or green urine, including amitriptyline, indomethacin (Indocin, Tivorbex) and propofol (Diprivan).
What's happening is that urine will turn a bright, sometimes neon, yellow in response to excess riboflavin. Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is a common ingredient in almost all multi-vitamins. It was first discovered in 1872, when chemist Alexander Wynter Blyth noticed a pigment in milk that was yellow-green.
- B vitamins are water-soluble vitamins, which means that what your body doesn't use is excreted in your urine. Riboflavin (vitamin B2) is especially likely to cause this color change in urine. Several medications can also turn urine a bright yellow or orange color.
- Vitamin B2 helps break down proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. It plays a vital role in maintaining the body's energy supply. Riboflavin helps convert carbohydrates into adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The human body produces ATP from food, and ATP produces energy as the body requires it.
- Dark brown but clear urine is a sign of a liver disorder such as acute viral hepatitis or cirrhosis, which causes excess bilirubin in the urine. Pink, red, or lighter brown urine can be caused by: Beets, blackberries, or certain food colorings. Injury to the kidneys or urinary tract.
Updated: 20th September 2018