What does Duodenitis?
peptic duodenitis. A condition caused by chronic exposure to excess hydrochloric acid, which is characterised by inflammation, and most prominent in the duodenal bulb (D1), associated with Helicobacter pylori infection, chronic active gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.
However, the most common symptoms include:
- Nausea or recurrent upset stomach.
- Abdominal bloating.
- Abdominal pain.
- Burning or gnawing feeling in the stomach between meals or at night.
- Loss of appetite.
- Medications used to treat gastritis include:
- Antibiotic medications to kill H. pylori.
- Medications that block acid production and promote healing.
- Medications to reduce acid production.
- Antacids that neutralize stomach acid.
- Gastritis may occur suddenly (acute gastritis), or appear slowly over time (chronic gastritis). In some cases, gastritis can lead to ulcers and an increased risk of stomach cancer. For most people, however, gastritis isn't serious and improves quickly with treatment.
- Pain is often located in the upper-center part of the abdomen, or in the upper-left portion of the stomach. Pain will often radiate to the back. Other common symptoms include bloating and nausea. Vomiting blood is a symptom of more severe gastritis.
Gastritis may occur suddenly (acute gastritis), or appear slowly over time (chronic gastritis). In some cases, gastritis can lead to ulcers and an increased risk of stomach cancer. For most people, however, gastritis isn't serious and improves quickly with treatment.
- Autoimmune atrophic gastritis is a chronic inflammatory disease in which the immune system mistakenly destroys a special type of cell (parietal cells) in the stomach. Parietal cells make stomach acid (gastric acid) and a substance our body needs to help absorb vitamin B12 (called intrinsic factor).
- Gastritis (also called dyspepsia) is an inflammation (swelling and irritation) of the lining of the stomach. It can occur suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic). Chronic gastritis occurs in two of every 10,000 people; acute gastritis is more common, occurring in eight of every 1,000 people.
- Four tests are used to detect H. pylori:
- Blood antibody test. A blood test checks to see whether your body has made antibodies to H. pylori bacteria.
- Urea breath test. A urea breath test checks to see if you have H. pylori bacteria in your stomach.
- Stool antigen test.
- Stomach biopsy.
Pain will often radiate to the back. Other common symptoms include bloating and nausea. Vomiting blood is a symptom of more severe gastritis. Other symptoms of severe gastritis include shortness of breath, chest pain, severe stomach pain, and foul-smelling bowel movements.
- Home Remedies for Gastritis
- Don't eat.
- Avoid all products that contain anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Take nonprescription antacids or acetaminophen for stomach pain.
- Stop smoking and abstain from alcohol and caffeine for as long as you have symptoms.
- Overeating or eating foods known to contribute to bloating and gas, such as cabbage, beans, and lentils, may cause bloating. Abdominal bloating can affect the diaphragm, a muscular partition between the chest and abdomen. The diaphragm assists in breathing, which means bloating can lead to shortness of breath.
- Type B, the most common type, is caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria, and can cause stomach ulcers, intestinal ulcers, and cancer. Type C is caused by chemical irritants like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), alcohol, or bile. And it can also cause stomach lining erosion and bleeding.
Updated: 25th November 2019