White or Pale Fingernails. May be indicative of kidney or liver disorders or anemia. White lined bands across the nail beds can signal a protein deficiency. White nails with a rim of darker color at the tip of the nail is called Terry's nail and can be a sign of cirrhosis of the liver.
A Dozen Tips for More Beautiful Nails
- Don't cut or manipulate cuticles.
- Use nail hardeners sparingly -- or not at all.
- Moisturize the nail bed and the cuticle.
- Take biotin supplements.
- Limit professional manicures.
- Avoid acetone-based polish removers.
- Avoid rough emery boards.
- Don't overdo hand washing and limit contact with cleaning chemicals.
Having vertical (longitudinal) ridges on the fingernails refers to the presence of tiny raised lines or ridges that run up and down the length of the nail. Ridges are among the different kinds of nail abnormalities that can develop due to aging, nail injury, or trauma, or underlying medical conditions.
Onycholysis is a common nail disorder. It is the loosening or separation of a fingernail or toenail from its nail bed. It usually starts at the tip of the nail and progresses back.
A fungal nail infection occurs from the overgrowth of fungi in, under, or on the nail. Fungi thrive in warm, moist environments, so this type of environment can cause them to naturally overpopulate. The same fungi that cause jock itch, athlete's foot, and ringworm can cause nail infections.
Some of the causes of nail disorders include the following:
- Infections (such as paronychia, warts, and green nail syndrome)
- Internal diseases (such as certain lung diseases, which can cause yellow nail syndrome)
- Nail fungus (onychomycosis)
- Structural problems (such as an ingrown toenail)
Nail pits, or small depressions in the nails, can sometimes occur without any cause, probably as a personal or genetic variant. However, there are several underlying conditions that can also cause nail pits. Probably the most common medical condition which causes nail pitting is psoriasis.
To keep your nails looking fresh and clean, you might want to know how to whiten the area underneath your nails naturally.
- Lemon Juice. A super easy homemade method to whiten the area underneath your nails is to soak your fingers in lemon juice.
- Baking Soda.
- White Vinegar.
- Soap and Water.
Prepare a baking soda paste.
- Combine 1 Tbsp (15 ml) of 3% hydrogen peroxide with 2 1/2 Tbsp (37.5 ml) baking soda in a small bowl or dish.
- Using a cotton swab, apply the paste over the top of each nail and under the tip of each nail.
- Wait for three minutes before rinsing the paste off your nails with warm water.
Not having enough vitamin B-12 can cause nails to turn dark, thin and possibly spoon shaped. Dark spots or streaks rather than full discoloration of the nails may be caused by bruising, psoriasis, melanoma (a type of skin cancer), chronic infections, and medications such as from cancer chemotherapy.
Leukonychia (or leuconychia), also known as white nails or milk spots, is a medical term for white discolouration appearing on nails. It is derived from the Greek words leuko ("white") and nychia ("nails"). The most common cause is injury to the base of the nail (the matrix) where the nail is formed.
To this day, humans sport broader fingertips than other primates. Whether fingernails are an adaptation that helps to support broad fingertips or a side effect from the loss of claws is unclear, Hawks said. Another reason for fingernails: They serve as a visual advertisement of a person's health, he said.
When hands are routinely exposed to water or even cold, dry air, the top layers of your nails can “delaminate ” and therefore peel. Usually, polish will help seal the layers together. Using a good hand lotion also helps. However, excessive peeling may mean your diet is lacking in a nutrient called linoleic acid.
Nail pitting is often a sign of another condition that can include: psoriasis, which causes skin inflammation. eczema, a long-term skin condition that makes the skin red, itchy, and cracked. reactive arthritis or inflammation caused by an infection elsewhere.
They may look like indentations or ridges in the nail plate. Beau's lines are horizontal, going across the nail, and should not be confused with vertical ridges going from the bottom (cuticle) of the nail out to the fingertip. These vertical lines are usually a natural consequence of aging and are harmless.
Yellow Toenails. Your toenails tell a lot about your overall health. A fungal infection often causes thickened yellow toenails. Thick, yellow nails also can be a sign of an underlying disease, including lymphedema (swelling related to the lymphatic system), lung problems, psoriasis, or rheumatoid arthritis.
Terry's nails is a physical condition in which a person's fingernails or toenails appear white with a characteristic "ground glass" appearance without any lunula. The condition is thought to be due to a decrease in vascularity and an increase in connective tissue within the nail bed.
A nail is a horn-like envelope covering the tips of the fingers and toes in most primates and a few other mammals. Nails are similar to claws in other animals. Fingernails and toenails are made of a tough protective protein called alpha-keratin. This protein is also found in the hooves and horns of different animals.
Trachyonychia, sometimes called sandpapered nails, is a condition characterized by rough accentuated linear ridges (longitudinal striations) on the nails of the fingers and toes. Trachonychia is often seen in vitiligo patients – suggesting that they are more susceptible to this condition.
It depends on the direction of the nail ridges. Vertical nail ridges, which are fairly common, extend from the cuticle to the tip of your nail. If your fingernails change color or you develop horizontal nail ridges across your nails, talk to your doctor. These changes could indicate an underlying health condition.