What does a spike in insulin do?
As long as those insulin receptors work as designed, a spike in insulin levels clears out the majority of the glucose in the blood, pushing it into muscle and fat cells. The low blood sugar that results from a crash is known as hypoglycemia.
7 Foods That Spike Blood Sugar
- 1 / 8 7 Foods That Spike Blood Sugar. If you have type 2 diabetes, you know about the importance of making healthy mealtime choices.
- 2 / 8 White Rice.
- 3 / 8 White Bread.
- 4 / 8 Soda and Other Sweet Drinks.
- 5 / 8 Red Meat.
- 6 / 8 Fast Food.
- 7 / 8 Packaged Foods.
- 8 / 8 Whole Milk.
- Here are 14 things you can do to lower your insulin levels.
- Follow a Low-Carb Diet.
- Take Apple Cider Vinegar.
- Watch Portion Sizes.
- Avoid All Forms of Sugar.
- Exercise Regularly.
- Add Cinnamon to Foods and Beverages.
- Stay Away From Refined Carbs.
- Avoid Sedentary Behavior.
- Unlike honey, cane sugar, high-fructose corn syrup and other forms of sugar that are added to many processed foods, the sugar naturally found in fruit is consumed in the company of fiber, which helps your body absorb the sugar more slowly. To minimize spikes in insulin, it's best to eat fruit whole.
- These 12 foods can give you an extra edge against diabetes and its complications.
- Apples. In a Finnish study, men who ate the most apples and other foods high in quercetin had 20 percent less diabetes and heart disease deaths.
- Citrus Fruit.
- Cold-Water Fish.
- Fiber-Rich Foods.
- Green Tea.
While high protein, virtually no-carb foods like meat and eggs are low on the glycemic index, they measure high on the insulin index. In other words, while the meat and eggs didn't cause a spike in blood sugar the way most carbohydrates do, they do result in a significant rise in insulin.
- A person with diabetes can develop hypoglycemia from a decrease of food intake, or from taking too much medication (insulin or oral tablets), which results in low blood sugar levels. In this situation the person experiences dizziness or lightheadedness because the brain lacks glucose to function properly.
- While high protein, virtually no-carb foods like meat and eggs are low on the glycemic index, they measure high on the insulin index. In other words, while the meat and eggs didn't cause a spike in blood sugar the way most carbohydrates do, they do result in a significant rise in insulin.
- Why this occurs is not understood. If you have diabetes, you should avoid caffeinated coffee as the caffeine has been shown to raise blood sugar levels slightly. So enjoy your decaffeinated coffee without the sugar or an artificial sweetener and the cream.
Carbs are the main stimulus that causes insulin blood levels to rise. When the body digests carbs into sugar and releases it into the blood, the pancreas releases insulin to transport the sugar from the blood into the cells. Reducing your carb intake could help increase insulin sensitivity.
- The following foods help to support insulin sensitivity:
- non-starchy vegetables, such as broccoli and peppers.
- high-fiber foods, such as beans and whole grains.
- protein-rich foods, including lean meats, fish, and nuts.
- foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon.
- antioxidant foods, such as berries.
- Insulin can not only cause generalized obesity, but it can also cause localized fat growth. As we reduce blood sugars, that sugar is taken out of the blood and into the body as fat. If this were true, then any treatment of diabetes should cause equal weight gain.
- Reference Range
Insulin Level Insulin Level (SI Units*) Fasting < 25 mIU/L < 174 pmol/L 30 minutes after glucose administration 30-230 mIU/L 208-1597 pmol/L 1 hour after glucose administration 18-276 mIU/L 125-1917 pmol/L 2 hour after glucose administration 16-166 mIU/L 111-1153 pmol/L
Updated: 12th November 2019