The retention factor (Rƒ) may be defined as the ratio of the distance traveled by the solute to the distance traveled by the solvent. It is used in chromatography to quantify the amount of retardation of a sample in a stationary phase relative to a mobile phase.
People also ask, what does it mean to have a high RF value?
Definition. Rf = distance traveled by substance/distance traveled by solvent front. A high Rf (Ie 0.92) would refer to a substance that is very non-polar. Ie that substance moved a 92% of the entire distance the solvent traveled. A low Rf value (0.10) would refer to a substance that is very polar.
What does a small RF value tell you?
A small Rf indicates that the moving molecules are not very soluble in the hydrophobic (non-polar) solvent; they are larger and/or have a greater affinity for the hydrophillic paper (they have more polar groups) than molecules with a larger Rf.
What is meant by the term Rf value?
RF value (in chromatography) The distance travelled by a given component divided by the distance travelled by the solvent front. For a given system at a known temperature, it is a characteristic of the component and can be used to identify components.