Introduction: In this lesson, three trigonometric ratios (sine, cosine, and tangent) will be defined and applied. These involve ratios of the lengths of the sides in a right triangle. In a right triangle, one angle is 90º and the side across from this angle is called the hypotenuse.
Keeping this in view, what are the 6 trigonometric functions and their definitions?
The 6 Trig Ratios. For any right triangle, there are six trig ratios: Sine (sin), cosine (cos), tangent (tan), cosecant (csc), secant (sec), and cotangent (cot). Here are the formulas for these six trig ratios: Given a triangle, you should be able to identify all 6 ratios for all the angles (except the right angle).
What is the rule for Sin Cos Tan?
The functions of sin, cos and tan can be calculated as follows: Sine Function: sin(θ) = Opposite / Hypotenuse. Cosine Function: cos(θ) = Adjacent / Hypotenuse. Tangent Function: tan(θ) = Opposite / Adjacent.
What is sine and cosine?
Sine and cosine — a.k.a., sin(θ) and cos(θ) — are functions revealing the shape of a right triangle. Looking out from a vertex with angle θ, sin(θ) is the ratio of the opposite side to the hypotenuse , while cos(θ) is the ratio of the adjacent side to the hypotenuse .